Chun do-havan

Article

November 30, 2021

Chun Doo-hwan (born January 18, 1931 in Hapcheon, Chosen Province, Japanese Empire, today South Korea, † November 23, 2021 in Seoul) was a South Korean politician and from September 1, 1980 to February 24, 1988 President of South Korea. He ended the short term in office of his predecessor Choi Kyu-ha in a military coup and came to power in December 1979. Chun was born in Yulgok-myeon, a farming village in Hapcheon County. He was the fourth son of ten children. His two oldest brothers died in an accident when he was a toddler. After graduating from school in 1951, Chun was admitted to the Korean Military Academy (KMA). There he made some important friendships among the students who would later play a vital role in helping Chun take control of the country. In February 1955 he graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree and was promoted to lieutenant. He later trained in the United States and specialized in guerrilla tactics and psychological warfare. In 1958 he married Lee Soon-ja, the daughter of the commandant of the KMA. The marriage had four children. Chun, who was then a captain, led a demonstration at the KMA to show his support for the May 16 coup led by Park Chung-hee. Chun was then appointed Secretary of the Supreme Council Commander for National Reconstruction, reporting directly to Park. Chun was quickly promoted to major in 1962. As a major, Chun was the deputy chief of operations for the Headquarters of the Special Command for Warfare and later returned to the Supreme Council for Reconstruction as head of civil affairs. In 1963, Chun received a position as HR director in the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA). Until 1969 he was senior adviser to the Army Chief of Staff. In 1970, Chun became a colonel in command of the 29th Regiment of the South Korean 9th Infantry Division and took part in the Vietnam War. On his return to Korea in 1971, he was given command of the 1st Special Forces Brigade (Airborne) and was later promoted to brigadier general. In 1976 he served as the assistant director of the Presidential Security Service and was promoted to major general during his tenure there. In 1978 he became the commander of the 1st Infantry Division. In 1979 he was finally appointed commander of the security command. In December 1979, Chun's coup took place, which made him President of South Korea. Demonstrations against his regime in Gwangju in May 1980 (see Gwangju uprising) had Chun bloodily suppressed. The incident is now known as the "Gwangju Massacre". Due to pressure from the population, the constitution passed under him stipulated that the president's legislative period was limited to seven years and that re-election was not possible. Park Chung-hee had introduced the Yushin Constitution in 1972, which did not limit the president's term of office and which had given him a one-man dictatorship. As before, however, the president was - as in the Yushin constitution - elected by 2,500 allegedly non-partisan delegates. On October 9, 1983, Chun survived a bomb attack on a South Korean government delegation in Rangoon (Burma) that had 17 government members (four of whom were ministers , including the Foreign Minister) were killed and 15 others were injured. North Korea was suspected to be the perpetrator of the attack, but this has not yet been proven. The end of his term of office was overshadowed by the June fight in 1987. Chun had delayed another constitutional amendment in preparation for the 1988 Olympic Games, which his designated successor, longtime companion and friend Roh Tae-woo was to hold in South Korea. So should raw f�

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