Denmark

Article

January 19, 2022

Denmark (Danish Danmark [ˈdænmɑːk]) is a country in northern Europe and, along with Greenland and the Faroe Islands, one of the three countries of the Kingdom of Denmark. The Motherland, the part between the Scandinavian Peninsula and Central Europe, covers an area of ​​43,094 km², of which 23,872 km² is on the Jutland Peninsula and the rest on islands. Denmark is one of the twelve founding members of NATO, which was founded in 1949, and has been a member of the European Union (or its predecessor, the EEC) since January 1, 1973. Denmark has the only land border with Germany. A Danish minority lives in the former Danish southern Schleswig. There is a German minority in North Schleswig, which belonged to Prussia from 1866 to 1920. There, German is a recognized regional minority language according to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

Geography

The national territory of Denmark (excluding the Faroe Islands and Greenland) covers an area of ​​43,094 km². It is larger than that of Switzerland or the Netherlands, but only about half the size of Austria. Denmark measures 368 km from north to south and 452 km from east to west. The northernmost point of the country is Grenen, the southernmost point is at Gedser in the south of the island of Falster (this is also considered the southernmost point in all of Scandinavia). The westernmost point is Blåvandshuk in Jutland, located in the former Ribe Amt, the easternmost point is at the Pea Islands (Danish Ertholmene), 18 km north-east of Bornholm. The highest natural elevation in the country is 170.86 m.o.h. meters of Møllehøj. Because of its islands and rugged bays, the country has a relatively long coastline of 7314 km. Denmark's 67 km long southern border with Germany forms the only land border. Otherwise the country is bordered by the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat and Baltic Sea. The Oresund Bridge has been a permanent route to Sweden since July 2000.

Landscape image

With the northern part of the Jutland peninsula and its islands, Denmark forms the transition from Central Europe to Scandinavia. In total there are 1419 islands with an area larger than 100 m² in Denmark. 394 islands have official names, of which only 74 were inhabited in 2016. The country's largest island is Zeeland with 7031 km², followed by Vendsyssel-Thy (North Jutland) with 4685 km² (but not perceived as an island) and Funen with a size of 2985 km². Zealand, on whose east coast lies the capital Copenhagen, is separated by the Great Belt from the island of Funen, which in turn is separated from Jutland by the Little Belt. A third major strait in the region is the Øresund between Zealand and the southern tip of Sweden. The ice ages of the Pleistocene significantly shaped the landscapes of Denmark. While the Elster and Saale glaciations completely covered the Danish peninsula with deposits of ground moraine material, the Vistula glaciation around 20,000 years ago only extended to about the middle of Denmark. Today, this partial glaciation can still be traced using the main standstill line of the various stages of the Vistula glaciation. It divides Denmark into the distinctive East and West Jutland. In West Jutland, low-yield sandy areas dominate, in East Jutland there are mainly ground moraine and boulder clay. The standstill line runs roughly from the southern edge of the Limfjord to the middle of Jutland and from there southwards to Schleswig-Holstein. The country forms a continuation of the North German Plain, which also consists of deposits from the cold period. The western part of Jutland in particular is very flat, to the east it becomes hilly, and moraines from the Ice Age characterize the landscape. Here is also the highest natural elevation in Denmark, the Møllehøj with 170.86 m above sea level. The islands are also interplay

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