Hastings

Article

July 5, 2022

Hastings [ˈheɪstɪŋz] is a town and district in the county of East Sussex on the Dover Strait in south-east England with around 90,000 inhabitants. Hastings is a popular seaside resort due to the five kilometer long beach promenade, where fishing is also still practiced (see sights).

Geography

Hastings is a seaside resort on the English Channel.

Story

Probably inhabited since prehistoric times, Hastings developed into a thriving port city in the early Middle Ages, forming the Cinque Ports (five ports) alliance with four other port cities (New Romney, Hythe, Dover and Sandwich) in the 11th century. On September 28, 1066, William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, landed with his army at Hastings, where he fought on October 14, 1066 in the Battle of Hastings (which, however, did not take place at Hastings but at what is now Battle). Defeated and killed Harold Godwinson (Harald II), the last Anglo-Saxon king of England. The victory of the Normans initiated their rule over England. In 1377 Hastings was sacked and pillaged by the French, beginning the town's decline. In the 18th century Hastings regained importance as a seaside resort.

Education

The public school Hastings College of Arts & Technology is located in the borough of St Leonards-on-Sea in the city of Hastings.

Culture and Sights

Castle: On West Hill separating the city are the ruins of Hastings Castle, founded in 1066 by William the Conqueror. To the east of the castle hill lies the old town with a few picturesque alleys, to the west Hastings has developed into a large-scale seaside resort. Seaside resort: Hastings has a three mile seafront promenade with a pier built in 1872 which was almost completely destroyed by arson in October 2010. The pier reopened in new forms in 2016 and won the 2017 Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) Architecture Prize. Beach Port: Boats and fishing boats are pulled onto the beach as there is no water port. Net Shops: There is still a lot of fishing going on in Hastings. However, since the long beach is too narrow to lay out the fishing nets to dry, especially at high tide, Hastings has a special feature: the so-called net shops at the beach harbor, narrow, high wooden buildings in which the nets are hung up. Easthill lift and the Westhill lift: The two inclined lifts, the Easthill lift and the Westhill lift, are also worth seeing. Hastings Country Park: This is followed immediately to the east of the city by Hastings Country Park, a large nature and walking area perched above the cliffs. Hastings is a popular place for foreign language travelers (about 35,000/year) and English tourists.

Chess Tournament

Hastings is the scene of the most traditional chess tournament ever. It was held for the first time in 1895 and won by the American Harry Nelson Pillsbury in front of the entire world elite. It has been held annually since 1919 in the period after Christmas, only interrupted during the Second World War. Usually an invitation tournament (Premier) and a qualification tournament (Challengers) were held. With the exception of Bobby Fischer, all world chess champions from Wilhelm Steinitz to Anatoly Karpov took part in the Hastings tournament at least once.

Town twinning

Germany Schwerte in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Netherlands Dordrecht in the Netherlands Belgium Oudenaarde in Belgium France Bethune in France

Facilities

East Sussex Fire Brigade

The Fire Brigade East Sussex is a fire service organization providing fire safety and general assistance to their county. It was formed in 1974 from the former Brighton, Hastings, E