A hippie (from English hip 'announced', also acidhead, flower child or in German-speaking countries flower child) is a member of the large countercultural youth movement that emerged in the USA in the 1960s, for which, among other things, a love of nature, criticism of consumerism and the break with was central to the life and moral concepts that were common at the time in the sense of a more peaceful and humane world.
The hippie movement found its socio-political climax in the peace movement against the Vietnam War and coined the motto Make love, not war (“make love, not war”). She later became part of the alternative movements and a variety of new subcultures and scenes, e.g. the Goa and the punk scene.
It had a great influence on the thinking and actions of today's world, so it significantly promoted the sexual revolution, environmental protection, anti-racism and the general dissolution of the authoritarian power structures in family and society that were common at the time. Even with its style, the hippie movement strongly influenced all aspects of mainstream culture, including fashion, film and music (see, for example, the most successful band in music history, the Beatles).
Origin and ideals
The hippie movement, which emanated from San Francisco, questioned the meaningless ideals of prosperity of the middle class and propagated a way of life freed from constraints and bourgeois taboos. Compared to the 1968 movement and the bums, community (self-realization) concepts dominated more than socio-political concepts, and the ideals of the movements sometimes overlapped. "Because unlike the bums, they not only wanted to escape society's pressure to perform, but also wanted to find new, more humane ways of life and manners at the same time." The idea of a more humane and peaceful life was given the buzzword flower power , coined by American poet Allen Ginsberg in 1965 and often used as a synonym for the entire hippie movement. These ideals have been experimentally implemented in novel, often rural communities.
With its rejection of the existing social and political norms and values, the hippie culture continued the corresponding approaches of the Beat Generation, to which e.g. William S. Burroughs, Neal Cassady, Charles Plymell, Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg counted. In the non-conformism of the Beat Generation of the 1950s, the peace movement, free love, drug use and Far Eastern religions were addressed and fascism was dealt with in Germany right down to the universities.
A major influence on the movement is attributed by many observers to hallucinogenic drugs, particularly LSD. Experiences from LSD trips fed into the culture, philosophy, and politics of the movement. After the substance was banned, its production shifted to underground laboratories. LSD experiences were processed in numerous pieces of music and films, and they were also a topic in the general public and in science.
Showing bands like the Grateful Dead, Beatles, Rolling Stones, The Who, Santana, musicians like Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Melanie Safka and Jim Morrison, artists like Robert Crumb, actors like Peter Fonda and Arlo Guthrie, and activists like Ken Kesey and Allen Ginsberg different facets of the plural, heterogeneous hippie movement.
Oftentimes, hippies represented bohemianism, as in the Haight-Ashbury neighborhoods of San Francisco and Greenwich Village of New York, where they created underground sites as a subculture.
In their clothing style, the hippie movement provocatively countered the industrially manufactured mass fashion with an anti-fashion. Through their own production using sewing, dyeing and knitting, they set themselves apart from the consumer society and withdrew