Margrethe II (Denmark)

Article

January 26, 2022

Margrethe II of Denmark - pronunciation: [mɑˈg̊ʁeːɪ̯d̥ə], Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid - (born April 16, 1940 at Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen) has been the reigning queen since January 14, 1972 and thus head of state of Denmark (Danish Danmarks Dronning), the Faroe Islands and Greenland. She comes from the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a branch of the House of Oldenburg. A change in the line of succession made Margrethe Crown Princess on March 27, 1953.

Life

Childhood and Education

Princess Margrethe was born on April 16, 1940 at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen. She was the eldest daughter of the Danish Crown Prince Frederik and his wife Ingrid of Sweden. The reigning monarch was her paternal grandfather, Christian X. At the time of her birth, Denmark was under German occupation. Margrethe is the last Danish princess who also received an Icelandic first name with the name Þórhildur: Iceland was part of the kingdom until the declaration of independence in 1944. After her father was proclaimed king in 1947, her uncle Knut of Denmark was heir to the throne before a change in the constitution in 1953 made female succession possible Prehistoric Archeology at the University of Cambridge and 1961/62 Political Science at the University of Aarhus. In 1963 she moved to the Sorbonne in Paris and in 1965 to the London School of Economics and Political Science. In addition to her native Danish language, Margrethe speaks fluent English, German, French and Swedish, as well as some Faroese.

Marriage and Family

On June 10, 1967, in Copenhagen's Holmens Kirke, Margrethe married the French diplomat Count Henri de Laborde de Monpezat (Prince Henrik of Denmark). On June 10, 2017, the couple celebrated their golden wedding anniversary on the state yacht Dannebrog. Prince Henrik passed away in February 2018. From the connection two sons emerged: Crown Prince Frederik ⚭ Mary Donaldson Prince Joachim⚭ Alexandra Christina Manley ⚭ Marie Agathe Odile CavallierMargrethe II is the sister of Benedikte Princess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Anne-Marie of Greece.

Official Tasks

Margrethe II is the Danish head of state. Every law requires their signature in order to be valid; this must be countersigned by a minister. The Queen appoints and dismisses the head of government according to parliamentary majorities. It is regularly informed about the current political situation by the Prime Minister and the Foreign Minister. However, the Queen has no influence on day-to-day politics and never publicly takes a position on political issues. Margrethe II enjoys a high reputation among the Danish people. She takes her representative duties very seriously. She makes up to three state visits abroad each year and usually receives as many heads of state in Denmark. There are also annual visits to Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Queen's New Year's speech will be broadcast live from Amalienborg Palace on New Year's Eve at 6 p.m. The Danish head of government, on the other hand, traditionally speaks on New Year's Day. Queen Margrethe is patron of over 100 organizations in Denmark and ten organizations abroad. She is also involved as chair of various foundations. Queen Margrethe is closely associated with the Royal Life Guards (Danish: Den Kongelige Livgarde). Once a year, as the high point of the closing parade, she presents a wristwatch (Dronningens Ur (Queen's watch)) as a personal honor to a retiring conscript from the Royal Life Guards who has distinguished himself particularly during his service.Queen Margr

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