Maria Radnoti-Alföldi, often just Maria R.-Alföldi (born June 6, 1926 in Budapest – died May 7, 2022), was a Hungarian-born German provincial Roman archaeologist and numismatist.
Life, career and achievements
Radnoti-Alföldi grew up in Budapest as the only child of the doctor Geza Alföldi and his wife Olga. After graduating from high school in 1944, she studied at the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Budapest until 1949. Her academic teacher and supervisor was Andreas Alföldi. In 1947 she married the archaeologist Aladár Radnóti and worked in the Hungarian National Museum until 1957. From 1950 she received a teaching assignment for an exercise in the winter semester at the University of Budapest. After the suppression of the Hungarian uprising, she fled with her husband via Vienna to Bavaria in 1957. From 1957 to 1962 Radnoti-Alföldi worked in Munich as a research assistant in the research project Coins found from the Roman period in Germany (FMRD) of the German Research Foundation. In the summer semester of 1961, she habilitated at the University of Munich for the newly planned subject of ancient numismatics. However, in 1962 she followed her husband to Frankfurt am Main, who was appointed professor at the University of Frankfurt for the subjects of ancillary sciences of archeology and history and culture of the Roman provinces. After the early death of Aladár Radnóti in December 1972, she took over his professorship in 1973. Until her retirement in 1991, she taught as a professor at the Seminar for Greek and Roman History, Dept. II (today: Department II of the Institute for Archaeological Sciences) the subjects of archeology Roman provinces and ancillary sciences of archeology.
Radnoti-Alföldi was a specialist in the field of ancient numismatics. The focus of her research was on the subject areas of coin analysis, Roman history and self-representation of the emperors. She headed the Greek Mint of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and, together with Hans-Markus von Kaenel, the Ancient Coins Project (FdA) of the Mainz Academy of Sciences and Literature. She oversaw many volumes for this project. She was a member of the Mainz Academy of Sciences and Literature and a full member of the German Archaeological Institute. Her scientific work has also received international recognition, including the medal from the Royal Numismatic Society, London (1995), the Archer M. Huntington Medal from the American Numismatic Society, New York (2000); Honorary membership i.a. the Austrian Numismatic Society, the Société Française de Numismatique, the Commission Internationale de Numismatique, the Hungarian Numismatic Society and the Hungarian Society for Archeology. In 1992 Radnoti-Alföldi received the Cross of Merit of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Among the students who did her doctorates are Hans Roland Baldus, Peter-Hugo Martin and Maria Regina Kaiser.
The Constantinian gold coinage. Studies on their importance for imperial politics and court art. Publisher of the Roman-Germanic Central Museum, etc., Mainz 1963, (also: Munich, University, post-doctoral thesis, 1960/1961).
The find coins of the Roman period in Germany. (FMRD). Division 4: Rhineland-Palatinate.
Volume 3/1: City of Trier. (3001-3002). Mann, Berlin 1970, ISBN 3-7861-1014-X;
Volume 3/2: City and Reg.-Bez. Trier, the so-called Roman buildings. (3003-3020). Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 2006, ISBN 3-8053-3727-2;
Volume 3/4: City and Reg.-Bez. Trier, city of Trier, streets on the right side of the Moselle A–K. (3022-3110). Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 2007, ISBN 978-3-8053-3814-1;
Volume 3/5: City and Reg.-Bez. Trier, city of Trier, streets on the right bank of the Moselle L–Z. (3111-3186). Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 2007, ISBN 978-3-8053-3858-5;
Volume 3/6: City and Reg.-