October 17, 2021
Sebastian Kurz (born August 27, 1986 in Vienna) is an Austrian politician (ÖVP). He is a member of the National Council and club chairman of the ÖVP parliamentary club. From 2017 to 2019 and from 2020 to 2021 he was Federal Chancellor of the Republic of Austria. From 2009 to 2017, Kurz was federal chairman of the Young People's Party (JVP). He exercised his first political mandate from 2010 to 2011 as a member of the Vienna City Council and State Parliament. From 2011 to 2013 he was State Secretary for Integration in the Federal Government of Faymann I, then for a short time a member of the National Council and from 2013 to 2017 Federal Minister for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs in the Federal Governments of Faymann II and Kern. In May 2017, Kurz was elected party chairman of the ÖVP. In the following early National Council election in October 2017, the ÖVP stood under the name “List Sebastian Kurz - the new People's Party (ÖVP)” and emerged as the party with the most votes. On December 18, 2017, the Federal Government Kurz I, a coalition government made up of the ÖVP and the FPÖ, was sworn in. On May 18, 2019, shortly after the Ibiza affair, the cooperation with the FPÖ ended and announced that it would aim for new elections. On May 27, 2019, Kurz and his cabinet were denied confidence in a vote of no confidence by the National Council, whereupon he was removed from office on May 28, 2019. It was the first motion of censure in the history of the Second Republic to be successful. In the National Council election in Austria in 2019, Kurz ran as the top candidate for his party and emerged as the winner. Coalition negotiations with the Greens were concluded on January 1, 2020. The Federal Government Kurz II, a coalition government made up of the ÖVP and the Greens, was sworn in on January 7, 2020. The Economic and Corruption Public Prosecutor's Office (WKStA) started investigations against ten suspects, including Kurz, on suspicion of corruption. That is why the Greens, as coalition partners, rejected Kurz as Federal Chancellor; they denied his ability to act. In order to enable the coalition to continue, Kurz announced his resignation as Federal Chancellor on October 9, 2021 and proposed Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg (ÖVP) as his successor. On October 11, he was removed from office by Federal President Alexander Van der Bellen. On October 14, 2021, he was sworn in as ÖVP club chairman in the National Council. Three days earlier, Kurz had been unanimously elected as chairman of the ÖVP parliamentary club, which he had briefly led in 2017 and from October 2019 to January 2020.