May 13 is the 133rd (one hundred and thirty-third) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the 134th in leap years. There are 232 days left to end the year.
461: the battle of Cartagena takes place, between the Roman army and the Vandal, in the context of the attempts of the emperor Mayoriano to reconquer the lost Roman territories.
1275: in Spain, the troops of the Moroccan sultan Abu Yusuf Yaqub II disembark in Tarifa (Cádiz), thus beginning the so-called War of the Straits, waged against the Castilian king Alfonso X.
1515 – Queen Mary Tudor and aristocrat Charles Brandon marry in Greenwich, England.
1570: in Spain, the Peace of the Alpujarras is signed, between Don Juan of Austria and the Moorish captain El Habaqui, in the Las Paces farmhouse, formerly called the Hadid farmhouse, located in the Sierra Nevada, belonging to the town of Benecid, province from Almeria.
1619 – In The Hague, statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed after being sentenced for treason.
1641: near Tarragona (Spain) the Battle of Constantí is fought as part of the Reapers' War.
1647: in Santiago de Chile at 10:30 p.m. (local time) the “Great Earthquake” occurs, the strongest earthquake (8.5 degrees on the Richter scale) that devastated the capital of the Kingdom of Chile. The movement causes the crown of thorns of the Cristo de Mayo to come off. In addition, it also generates a tsunami and leaves a balance of between 1,000 and 2,000 dead.
1648 – Construction of the Red Fort in Delhi is completed.
1779: War of the Bavarian Succession: Russian and French mediators negotiate the end of the war in the Treaty of Teschen. Austria will receive part of the territory that had been taken from her (the Innviertel).
1787: Captain Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth, England with a fleet of eleven ships full of convicts to establish Australia's first convict colony.
1799: Salvador del Muro y Salazar, captain general of the island of Cuba, arrives from La Coruña (Spain).
1804; Forces sent by Yusuf Karamanli from Tripoli retake Derna.
1810: in Victoria (Argentina) the first mass is celebrated in the oratory dedicated to the Basque Virgin of Aránzazu (from Guipúzcoa). Founding landmark of the city.
1810: in Spain, French troops commanded by Marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet begin the siege of Lérida.
1829: Brazil officially abolishes slavery.
1830: Ecuador becomes independent from Gran Colombia.
1844: in Miyaneh (Iran), at 7:00 p.m. (local time) an earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale (intensity I9) occurs, leaving "very many" dead.
1844: in Spain, Queen Elizabeth II founded the Civil Guard by royal decree.
1846: The United States invades Mexico ―within the framework of the US Intervention in Mexico― and in four years of war seizes the regions of Texas, California, Arizona and New Mexico, among others.
1848 – Maamme, the Finnish national anthem, is performed for the first time.
1861: in the framework of the American Civil War: Victoria (queen of the British Empire) proclaims the "neutrality" of Great Britain and recognizes the rights of the breakaway states.
1861: in New South Wales (Australia), John Tebbutt discovers the Great Comet of 1861.
1861: Pakistan inaugurates its first railway line, between Karachi and Kotri.
1880: In Menlo Park, New Jersey, American inventor Thomas Edison conducts his first power line test.
1888: Brazil prohibits slavery.
1895: in El Jobito (East), the mambises soldiers ―under the command of Antonio Maceo― defeat the Spaniards.
1909: The first Giro d'Italia starts from Milan. Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna will be the first winner.
1912: the RMS Oceanic (1899) finds the collapsible boat A in the Atlantic Ocean, located approximately 300 kilometers from the wreck of the Titanic. In the boat they were corpses