May 14 is the 134th (one hundred and thirty-fourth) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the 135th in leap years. There are 231 days left to end the year, and it is also the day of commemoration of Paraguay's independence.
734: in the Kinki region (Kyoto and Osaka area) an earthquake (with an unknown epicenter) is recorded, leaving "many" dead.
756: in Spain, Abderramán I defeats Yusuf al-Fihri (emir of Damascus) in the battle of Alameda. He then occupies Córdoba and sets himself up as an independent emir.
841: The Vikings, led by Oscherus (who is called Asgeirr in Norse mythology), begin raiding the Seine River valley frequently, plundering villages as far as Rouen. They also sacked the monastery of Saint-Ouen and Jumièges. The abbey of Fontenelle (Saint Wandrille) got rid of the robbery by paying six pounds of silver.
1097: In Nicaea, the soldiers of the First Crusade begin the siege of the city.
1264: Henry III of England is captured at the Battle of Lewes, France, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.
1407: In France, the Pope of Avignon Benedict XIII (antipope) lands in Villefranche and wins Nice again to try to put an end to the Great Schism.
1416: In the city of Andong (Gyeongsang-do province, South Korea) an earthquake demolishes all the houses (which at that time were built with adobe).
1483: the coronation of Charles VIII the Kind (d. 1498), who would invade Italy, takes place in France.
1500: Brazil passes to the domain of Portugal.
1509 – In Italy, the French defeat the Venetians at the Battle of Agnadello.
1514: in Spain the Correo Mayor de las Indias begins to function. The Spanish crown assigned it in perpetuity to Lorenzo Galíndez de Carvajal.
1524: Royal iron arrives in New Spain (called "rescue iron") sent by the King of Spain to brand the indigenous slaves.
1541: in Rome, Pope Paul III issues the bull that creates the bishopric of Lima (Peru), with which the church built by the conqueror Francisco Pizarro becomes a cathedral.
1570: in Rome, Pope Saint Pius V creates the first diocese in Argentina: Córdoba del Tucumán, whose seat is the cathedral of Santiago del Estero.
1570: in Paraguay the village of Villarrica is founded.
1607 – The British colony of Jamestown, Virginia, is founded in what is now the United States.
1608: in Auhausen (Germany) the Protestant Union is founded.
1608: on the shores of the Adriatic Sea, near Tivat (Montenegro), about 250 km south of Sarajevo, an earthquake is recorded, without further information.
1610 – Catholic fanatic François Ravaillac stabs and kills Henry IV, King of France, in Paris, France. Louis XIII ascends the throne.
1643: Louis XIV (four years old) is crowned king in France after the death of his father, King Louis XIII. Cardinal Mazarin rules.
1647: in Santiago de Chile, at 2:30 UTC, an earthquake of magnitude 8.5 on the Richter seismological scale (intensity of 11) and a tsunami are recorded, causing between 1,000 and 2,000 deaths.
1699: the town of San Pedro Caro is founded in Mexico.
1706: in Italy, Spanish-French troops begin the siege of Turin.
1747: Within the framework of the War of the Austrian Succession, the British fleet under the command of Admiral George Anson defeats the French in the first battle of Cape Finisterre.
1769: from Spain, King Carlos III sends Franciscan missionaries to California, founding San Diego, Santa Bárbara, San Francisco and Monterrey, beginning the colonization of the territory.
1777: in Madrid, King Carlos III, creates the Protomedicato de Caracas by Royal Decree, thus beginning medical studies in Venezuela.
1782: in the State of Carabobo (Venezuela) the village of Naguanagua is founded.
1784: in France, at the insistence of La Fayette, the finance minister (Charles Alexandre de Calonne), publishes a decree