October 14 is the 287th (two hundred and eighty-seventh) day of the year — the 288th (two hundred and eighty-eighth) in leap years — in the Gregorian calendar. There are 78 days to go to the end of the year.
1066: in England the battle of Hastings is fought. William the Conqueror, the last warrior to successfully invade England, will become king two months later, on December 25 of that year.
1292: in the Iberian peninsula the conquest of Tarifa takes place, in the hands of the Benimerín Sultanate, by Sancho IV of Castile, with the help of the Crown of Aragon, the Republic of Genoa and the Emirate of Granada.
1322: in Yorkshire (Scotland) ―in the framework of the Scottish wars of independence―, Robert I Bruce defeats King Edward II of England at the Battle of Old Byland, forcing him to accept Scottish independence.
1486: in Spain, Boabdil returns to Granada and, in the Albaicín, is crowned king for the second time.
1550: in Colombia, Andrés López de Galarza founded Ibagué, currently the capital of the department of Tolima.
1570: in the castle of Simancas (Valladolid), the Baron de Montigny - Flemish politician sent by Margarita de Parma - is executed by order of Felipe II of Spain.
1582: in Spain, Italy, Poland and Portugal, this day is skipped - between Thursday, October 4, 1582 and Friday, October 15 - due to the establishment of the Gregorian calendar.
1586: in London (England), Mary I of Scotland is imprisoned for conspiring against Elizabeth I.
1651: in Spain the Segura river suffers the flood of San Calixto; in Murcia it reaches 1700 m³ / s and causes the death of more than a thousand people.
1656: the state of Massachusetts (English colony in the hands of the Puritans), presents the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) considering them apostates and politically subversive because they lacked rituals.
1687: in Peru, a great tsunami destroys part of Lima and Callao.
1707: in the War of the Spanish Succession, Bourbon troops arrive in Lleida.
1758: in the framework of the Seven Years' War, Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirch.
1761: in the region of Worcestershire (England), a tornado devastates the town of Malvern. 
1773: in Poland the first Ministry of Education is created, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (National Education Commission, in Polish).
1773: in Annapolis (Maryland) ―in the framework of the American War of Independence―, the Americans burn a British cargo ship of the East India Company.
1780: in the Antilles islands (Caribbean Sea) it is the fifth day of the Great Hurricane of 1780, the first hurricane with the highest number of fatalities for which data are available (22,000 direct deaths, 27,000 total deaths). It will last until October 16.
1789: In the United States, George Washington proclaims the first Thanksgiving Day.
1806: the same day the Batalla de Jena and Batalla de Auerstädt take place; in both, Napoleon Bonaparte's armies defeat the Prussians.
1813: in Caracas, the military man Simón Bolívar is proclaimed as Liberator, upon successful completion of the Admirable Campaign.
1888: The world's first film is filmed, lasting 2.11 seconds, titled The Roundhay Garden Scene.
1889: Armenia is founded in Colombia, the current capital of the department of Quindío.
1905: Sevilla Fútbol Club is founded in Spain.
1910: in Cuba the second day of the Cyclone of the Five Days is registered. Kill about 700 people. In Havana the boardwalk breaks. It is considered one of the worst natural catastrophes in Cuban history.  It was very controversial, because the United States Meteorological Service stated that they were two separate cyclones, while the Cuban meteorologist José Carlos Millás Hernández (1889-1965) said it was only one, which he could demonstrate by taking the o