July 15 is the 196th (one hundred and ninety-sixth) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the 197th in leap years. There are 169 days left to end the year.
1099: in present-day Israel —as part of the First Crusade— Europeans conquer Jerusalem and form the Kingdom of Jerusalem (between 1099 and 1187).
1570: off the coast of Tazacorte, on the Canary Island of La Palma, the Protestant French pirate Jacques de Sores and his men assassinate 40 Jesuit missionaries (the martyrs of Tazacorte, who were 32 Portuguese and 8 Spanish) who were on their way to Brazil.
1662: Charles II of England signs the royal charter in which the Royal Society is officially established.
1738: in Madrid (Spain) the Royal Academy of Medicine is founded.
1799: The Rosetta Stone is discovered in Egypt, which will allow the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphs.
1815: The British imprison and banish Napoleon Bonaparte to the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic.
1834: in Spain, through a decree of Queen Elizabeth II of Spain, the existence of the Court of the Holy Inquisition is officially ended.
1835: in the First Carlist War the battle of Mendigorría takes place, from which the Liberals emerge victorious.
1857: In India, Sepoys (indigenous troops serving in British service) in rebellion since May, by order of Nana Sahib, murder 211 English women and children at Bibi-Ghar (Cawnpore, now called Kanpur) ( See Indian Rebellion of 1857).
1857 – The Battle of Aong occurs between the British East India Company and Nana Sahib's forces as part of the 1857 Indian Rebellion. The British East India Company won East Indies.
1864: Alfred Nobel patents nitroglycerin as an explosive.
1867: in Mexico City (Mexico), Benito Juárez triumphantly enters the city after the liberal victory in the Second French Intervention.
1883: in (Germany), Otto von Bismarck creates the first compulsory insurance law against accidents or illnesses and is considered the first Social Security law.
1890: In Madrid, the inventor and soldier Isaac Peral is received with honors and celebrations after successfully testing his electric submarine in Cádiz.
1898: on the island of Cuba —in the framework of the Spanish-American War— the city of Santiago capitulates.
1914: The Canal Administration building is inaugurated in Panama.
1916: in Seattle (Washington) (United States), William Edmund Boeing founded the aeronautical company that bears his name: Boeing.
1918 – The Second Battle of the Marne begins in World War I.
1922: the Luján Sport Club is founded in Argentina.
1922: The Japanese Communist Party is founded.
1933: Radio Illimani (now Radio Patria Nueva) broadcasts begin in the city of La Paz (Bolivia).
1953: in Argentina, Peronist groups set fire to the Casa del Pueblo (of the enlightened, anarchist labor movement), with the largest library of social issues in South America.
1954: The prototype of the Boeing 367-80 airliner makes its first flight.
1957: the New Acropolis International Organization is founded, a non-profit organization for philosophy, culture and volunteering.
1961: in Managua (Nicaragua), the young Reinaldo Hooker, Roberto Cuadra and Edwin Yllescas, members of the Betrayed Generation, burn the books of the bad poets of the country on the shore of Lake Xolotlán, because they could not do so in the Plaza of the Republic because of the defenders of culture. Among the bad poets were Edgardo Buitrago, Margarita Debayle, Salomón Ibarra Mayorga, Guillermo Rothschuh Tablada, and Lola Soriano.
1963: The first Ford Falcon built in the country is marketed in Argentina.
1969: in Managua (Nicaragua), due to a denunciation by his own guerrilla, the FSLN commander Julio Buitrago dies in