1822

Article

May 23, 2022

1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday according to the Gregorian calendar.

Events

January

January 5: the provinces of Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua are spontaneously annexed to Mexico. January 7 – In Africa, Liberia is colonized by black Americans. January 11: the Spanish Courts reject the Treaties of Córdoba. January 13: In the theater of Epidaurus (Greece), the Greek patriot Demetrios Ypsilantis convenes an assembly that proclaims Greece's independence from the Ottoman Empire. Two days later he will be elected president of the legislative assembly. January 27: in the Madrid Gazette, the new territorial division of Spain is published —after its approval by the Spanish Courts. January 31: in Peru, the Congress grants the city of Trujillo the title of "meritorious city and most faithful to the country" and its municipality —then the town hall— the title of "honorable".

February

February 7: Ferdinand VII asks for help from the Holy Alliance and the member powers decide to intervene to overthrow the liberals and replace the monarch in the use of his full sovereignty. February 9: Jean Pierre Boyer, Haitian president, invades Santo Domingo with 12,000 men. This invasion ended the period known as the Ephemeral Independence of José Núñez de Cáceres and began the Haitian occupation from 1822 to 1844. February 22: The Provincial Council of Sonora and Sinaloa is installed in Arizpe, Sonora. February 23: in Santiago de Chile —in the framework of the bloody War to the Death (1818-1824)— the patriot government executes the leader of the royalist guerrilla, Vicente Benavides.

April

April 7: in Buenos Aires (Argentina) the Society of Physical and Mathematical Sciences is founded. April 20: in the Royal Presidio of San Diego (California), the Spanish flag is lowered and the plaza is delivered to the First Mexican Empire, thus ending 309 years of Spanish presence in the current United States. April 26: the Ayacucho region is created in Peru.

May

May 18: in Mexico, Agustín de Iturbide is proclaimed Emperor of Mexico by popular acclamation, ratified the next day by Congress, with the name of Agustín I. May 24: Ecuador becomes independent from Spain after the Battle of Pichincha. (Six years later, Ecuador will separate from Colombia).

June

June 6: Charles Graham patents the first denture. June 14: at the Royal Astronomical Society (London) Charles Babbage proposes the difference engine, precursor of the computer.

July

July 6: in Peru the first Normal School of Preceptors is founded. Teacher's Day is currently celebrated today. July 21: In Mexico, Agustín de Iturbide is crowned Emperor of Mexico with the name of Agustín I. July 26: in the Guayaquil Interview (Ecuador) the Venezuelan General Bolívar and the Argentine General San Martín meet.

August

August 18: the Regency of Urgell is created, an interim government body created by the absolutists.

September

September 5: in Aleppo (Syria, Asia Minor) an earthquake is recorded that leaves 22,000 dead. September 7: Brazil becomes independent from Portugal. September 20: in Peru, José de San Martín leaves the position of "protector". September 27: Jean-François Champollion deciphers Egyptian hieroglyphs with the Rosetta stone.

October

October 8: On the island of Java (Indonesia), the Galunggung volcano begins an eruption that will last a month and leave more than 4,000 dead.

November

November 13 – During the Greek War of Independence, the Turks evacuate the city of Nauplia. November 20: in Valparaíso (Chile), at 6:30 a.m. (local time), an earthquake measuring 8.5 degrees on the Richter seismological scale and intensity of 11 is recorded, raising the coast between Copiapó and Va