1972

Article

January 23, 2022

1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year beginning on a Saturday according to the Gregorian calendar.

Events

January

January 1 – Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary General of the United Nations. January 5: In the United States, President Richard Nixon changes the US space program. In a well 120 meters underground, in the U3A area of ​​the Nevada Atomic Test Site (about 100 km northwest of the city of Las Vegas), at 7:10 a.m. (local time) the United States detonates its atomic bomb Mescalero, less than 20 kt. It is the 753rd bomb of the 1,132 that the United States detonated between 1945 and 1992. January 10: Mujibur Rahman is appointed as the first head of government of the newly independent state of Bangladesh. January 12: In the Dominican Republic, a cell of 4 leftist insurgents faces a siege of 2,500 members of the army and the national police. After 10 hours of combat, the members of the cell and 8 police officers are killed. January 14: The current queen of Denmark, Margaret II, wields her scepter on the death of her father, King Frederick IX; she is the first reigning woman in Denmark since the 14th century. January 20 – In Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announces the start of the Pakistani nuclear program. January 26 – In Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic), a bomb by the pro-Nazi Ustachá terrorist group destroys a JAT Airways company plane in flight. Flight attendant Vesna Vulović survives the 10,000-meter drop. January 30: in Northern Ireland the events of Bloody Sunday leave a balance of 13 dead.

February

February 2: The 1972 Sapporo Olympic Games open in Sapporo, Japan. February 4 – The US Mariner 9 probe transmits photos from Mars. February 5th: In Vitoria (Spain), 3,500 workers on strike cause the closure of the Michelin tire factory. In Madrid, the newspaper Madrid announces the sale of its assets. In Colombia, Caracol Television broadcasts Champions of Laughter, currently known as Happy Saturdays, is the longest-running humorous program on Colombian television. February 6th: In Zaragoza and Seville two buses fall into the river, leaving 17 dead and 60 injured. In Nicaragua, elections are being held to elect a National Constituent Assembly that will draft a new constitution that will come into effect in 1974 and will allow President Anastasio Somoza Debayle to be re-elected in that year. February 7: in Spain, Cardinal Vicente Enrique y Tarancón is elected president of the Spanish Episcopal Conference. February 11: in Tarragona (Spain) the Vandellós I nuclear power plant comes into operation. February 13 – At the Winter Olympics in Sapporo, Spanish skier Francisco Fernández Ochoa wins the special slalom and the gold medal. February 14: Mexico and China establish diplomatic relations. February 15: The Ecuadorian Army overthrows President José María Velasco Ibarra, and General Guillermo Rodríguez Lara presides over the coup junta. February 16th: Basketball player Wilt Chamberlain reaches the mark of 30,000 points scored. The Spanish José Legrá defeats the British Armstrong and retains his title of European boxing champion. February 18 – In the United States, the California Supreme Court invalidates the death penalty and commutes the sentences of all those on death row to life in prison. February 20: In El Salvador, Arturo Armando Molina becomes president. February 21st: The Soviet spacecraft Luna 20 reaches the Moon. Richard Nixon visits China, marking the first official visit by a US president to that country. February 22: in Hunosa, 26 miners buried in an explosion the day before are rescued alive. February 26 – The Soviet spacecraft Luna 20 returns to Earth.

March

March 1st: The III International Festival opens in Madrid

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