1983

Article

July 6, 2022

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year beginning on a Saturday in the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the World Year of Communications by the United Nations Organization.

Events

January

January 1: ARPANET abandons the NCP protocol and adopts TCP/IP. This is an important milestone in the history of the Internet. January 2: The Caracas Metro is officially inaugurated in Venezuela. January 4: in Kabul (Afghanistan), in the context of the Russian-Afghan war, Soviet interests are attacked in a chain of attacks. Also, Afghan soldiers mutiny killing thirty officers.[1] January 19: Death of Ham, the first hominid to fly into outer space and survive. January 22: The first liver transplant in the country is performed at the Bellvitge Hospital in Barcelona (Spain). January 23: The television series The A-Team is broadcast for the first time in the United States. January 23: Swedish tennis player Björn Borg, five-time champion of the Wimbledon tournament, retires from top competition. January 23: in Peru, the television channel Latina TV is created January 24: in New York, the American tennis player John McEnroe defeats the Czechoslovakian Ivan Lendl and is proclaimed champion of the (Tennis Masters Cup). January 25: In Vatican City, Pope John Paul II promulgates the new Code of Canon Law. January 25: German Nazi Klaus Barbie, the "Butcher of Lyon", is arrested in Bolivia. January 26: in the department of Ayacucho (central Peru), the inhabitants of the village of Uchuracay kill eight journalists with machetes, believing them to be Shining Path members; the previous year, Shining Path had killed 135 men, women and children.

February

February 2: The Soviet-American START negotiations on strategic arms reduction are resumed in Geneva. February 4: Vocalist Karen Carpenter of The Carpenters dies at the age of 32 from Anorexia. February 4: At the Pasteur Institute, Charlie Dauguet discovers particles similar to the HTLV retrovirus discovered by Robert Gallo in 1980 in culture with an electron microscope and compares it with a negative result. Pasteur's team has discovered a new retrovirus, the virus that causes AIDS. [2] February 6 – In France, Klaus Barbie is transferred to Fort Montluc (Lyon) to stand trial for crimes committed by German forces under his command in World War II. February 6: in Paraguay, Alfredo Stroessner is re-elected as president. February 7: The first pancreas transplant is performed in Spain. February 7 – Iran launches a major offensive against Iraq. February 7: in Madrid the doors of the remodeled Palacio de El Pardo open, destined in the future to be the residence of foreign heads of state visiting Spain. February 13: in Turin (Italy) 64 young people die in a cinema fire. February 14: Ariel Sharón resigns as Minister of Defense of Israel, accused of instigating the massacre in the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Shatila (in Beirut). February 16: the population of Sagunto (Valencia) begins a general strike in defense of the survival of the Blast Furnaces of the Mediterranean. February 16: Those suspected of being involved in the Bologna massacre, which took place on August 2, 1980, are arrested in Spain. February 17: the Statutes of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands, Castilla y León, Extremadura and Madrid are approved in Spain. February 18: in Seattle (United States), 13 people are shot dead. (Wah Mee massacre). February 18: Landelino Lavilla's resignation as president of UCD heralds the end of this party. February 18: Black Friday happens in Venezuela: after a century of economic stability, the Central Bank announces the devaluation of the Venezuelan bolívar, starting a prolonged economic crisis in the oil country. February 19: in the abandoned this