1984

Article

July 6, 2022

1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year beginning on a Sunday in the Gregorian calendar.

Events

UNESCO declares the city of Byblos (in Lebanon) and the ruins of the Jesuit mission San Ignacio Miní located in the province of Misiones (Argentina) a World Heritage Site. In Ethiopia the famine begins, which by the end of 1984 will cause the death of a million people. In the Los Angeles area, the CIA begins a drug trafficking operation that will generate the "crack epidemic" (a degraded form of cocaine that can be smoked) throughout the country in order to obtain funds to finance the Nicaraguan Contras.

January

January 1: Brunei obtains its definitive independence. The International Olympic Committee officially recognizes the Olympic Committee of Equatorial Guinea. January 2 – In the Persian Gulf, five Iranian ships are attacked and destroyed by the Iraqi Navy. January 4: Israeli air raids on Lebanon cause more than 100 deaths and 400 injuries in the Baalbek region. January 5 – Richard Stallman develops the GNU computer system in the United States. January 7 – Brunei becomes the sixth member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations). January 9: in Panama, the representatives of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua - with the intercession of the countries of the Contadora Group - sign a peace draft for Central America. January 10: The United States and the Holy See resume diplomatic relations. January 11: in East Germany, Soviet SS-20 missiles are deployed. in Figueras (Catalonia), the Spanish painter Salvador Dalí announces the creation of the Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation and the donation of 621 of his works to the Dalí Theatre-Museum. January 12: in Argentina, President Alfonsín offers his first press conference. Never before has a President presented himself to journalists in this way: without previous questionnaires or prohibited topics. January 15: in Spain, foundation of the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) from splits of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE). January 17: in Stockholm (Sweden) the Conference on Disarmament in Europe is inaugurated, in which representatives of 35 countries participate. January 23: Release of the song Thriller by the famous American singer Michael Jackson. January 24 – In the United States, Apple Inc. introduces the Macintosh 128K, the first successfully marketed personal computer that uses a graphical user interface (GUI) and mouse. January 25: in São Paulo (Brazil), during the commemorations of the city's anniversary, a demonstration (Directas Ya) was held with the participation of approximately 100,000 people and dozens of politicians and artists, demanding free elections for president of the republic and the end of the military regime. January 29: León Febres Cordero wins the first round of the presidential elections in Ecuador.

February

February 2: in Venezuela, Jaime Lusinchi takes office as president. Costa Rica denies political asylum to 3,000 armed "contras" from Eden Pastora. February 3: in Caracas (Venezuela), six democratic Latin American countries and Spain sign the Declaration of Caracas, in which they describe democracy as the best political system for Latin America. February 4: In Long Beach, California, an infertile woman gives birth after the implantation of a fertilized egg in another woman. In Spain, the terrorist group ETA assassinates a former member of the group, the engineer and builder Miguel Francisco Solaun. in the Vatican City ―in the context of the Cold War―, Pope John Paul II suspends as divinis from the exercise of the priesthood the Nicaraguan priests Ernesto Cardenal (59), Fernando Cardenal (50, brother of the former), Miguel d' Escoto (51) and Edgard Parrales, due to their