1989

Article

July 6, 2022

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year beginning on a Sunday in the Gregorian calendar. In the Chinese horoscope it was the Year of the Snake. This year marks a turning point in world history for the revolutions that overthrew the communist states of the Eastern Bloc. They are known as the Revolutions of 1989, which together with the dissolution of the Iron Curtain in Europe and the fall of the Berlin Wall, symbols of the Cold War, announced the disappearance of the Soviet Union two years later.

Events

January

January 1: The Montreal Protocol, ratified by 29 countries and the EEC (European Economic Community), enters into force to protect the ozone layer. January 7: in Japan, Prince Akihito (55), receives the symbols of the succession of his father, Hirohito, as the new emperor. January 8 – A few meters from the runway at East Midlands Airport in Leicestershire, England, British Midland Flight 92 flying from London to Belfast, Northern Ireland, crashes into a bank on the M1 motorway. 47 of the 118 passengers die. January 11: In Mexico, the army occupies the oil installations and imprisons the union leader Joaquín Hernández Galicia, "La Quina". January 11: in France, the police arrest Josu Urrutikoetxea, top leader of the terrorist group ETA. January 16-18: Race riots break out in Miami (United States). January 20: Alianza Popular is dissolved in Spain. After the successive victories of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party in 1982 and 1986, Manuel Fraga takes the reins of the party, and, in the congress of January 1988, the refoundation as a single party took place, constituting the new Popular Party. January 20: In the United States, George H. W. Bush is sworn in as the 41st president. January 23: in Argentina, the battle of La Tablada begins, led by the Movimiento Todos por la Patria (MTP). January 24: in La Tablada, 46 militants of the All for the Homeland Movement, under the command of Enrique Gorriarán Merlo, assault the 3 General Belgrano Mechanized Infantry Regiment, under the argument of stopping an attempted coup by of a group of Carapintadas. 32 guerrillas, 9 soldiers and 2 policemen are killed. January 24: in Starke prison (Florida), serial killer Ted Bundy (42 years old) is electrocuted in the electric chair.

February

February 1: the LASER Airlines airline is inaugurated in Venezuela. February 2: in Venezuela, Carlos Andrés Pérez assumes the presidency. During the first weeks of his presidency, he adopted a series of liberalizing economic measures known as The Great Turn. February 3: General Alfredo Stroessner is deposed in Paraguay as a result of a coup led by General Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti. February 4: In Spain, the surgeon and urologist Aurelio Usón successfully performs a complete change of sex to a woman using the "Shangái technique", a new surgical method. February 6: Thirty thousand Soviet soldiers leave Afghanistan, while the capital, Kabul, is plunged into chaos. February 6: in Madrid (Spain), the groups of the Christian Democracy and the Liberal Party are dissolved in the Congress. February 6: Algerian President Benjedid visits King Hassan II, after many years of critical relations. February 7: The nationalist conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has caused 91 deaths and 1,532 injuries, according to official data. February 7: In Spain, the Government breaks off negotiations with unions about social measures related to the demands of the general strike of December 14, 1988. February 7: in Indianapolis (United States), the Spanish José Manuel Abascal wins the silver medal in the 1,500 meter dash at the World Championships in Indoor Athletics. February 8: in Arequipa (Peru), due to heavy rains, s