1996

Article

October 18, 2021

1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year beginning on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, declared the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty by the United Nations.

Events

January

January 1: in Mexico, new banknotes of the Bank of Mexico circulate. January 4: in Switzerland, CERN scientists announce having obtained nine hydrogen anti-atoms, the first achievement in obtaining antimatter. January 5: Israeli secret services assassinate Hamas activist Yahya Ayyash. January 7th: In Guatemala, the conservative Álvaro Arzú Irigoyen, from the PAN, is elected as the new president. Keiko the killer whale, the main attraction at the Reino Aventura amusement park in Mexico City, is taken to the Oregon Coast Aquarium. Keiko was the main attraction in the park for several years; their transfer was due to the search for better living conditions for the killer whale, and was the first step prior to their release in the North Sea. January the 8th: UNICEF demands urgent explanations from the People's Republic of China for the deaths of thousands of children in orphanages in the country. Former French President François Mitterrand dies. January 14: In Guatemala, Álvaro Arzú Irigoyen takes over as president. In Portugal, Jorge Sampaio is elected as the new president. January 15: in Spain, the Peruvian writer and politician Mario Vargas Llosa takes possession of the L chair of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE). January 17: in Spain, the armed band ETA kidnaps the prison official José Antonio Ortega Lara. 19 of January: in Palestine, Yasir Arafat is chosen president of the Palestinian National Authority. January 21: Mexico is champion of the 1996 concacaf Gold Cup defeated Brazil January 22: Tanzania closes its border with Burundi and prevents the entry of 17,000 Rwandan refugees. January 26: in Spain, the Congress of Deputies granted nationality to international brigade members, thus fulfilling the promise made by Juan Negrín when they left the country in 1938. January 29: in France, President Jacques Chirac announces a "definitive end" to nuclear tests. January 30: Yuji Hyakutake discovers Comet C / 1996 B2, now called Comet Hyakutake in honor of its discoverer. It was the brightest of the year, and one of the closest to Earth.

February

February 1: On February 1, 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad company train H-BALT1-31 from Barstow, CA to Los Angeles loses its brakes along the same summit and at 4 AM derails to a MP 60.4 curve towards Cajon Junction. February 6: in the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of the Dominican Republic, a Boeing 757 belonging to the Turkish airline Birgenair crashes. 189 people die. February 7: The animation company Toei Animation continues the work of mangaka Akira Toriyama with the continuation of Dragon Ball GT. February 9: In Darmstadt (Germany) the GSI discovered the atom of the element copernicium. Second pastoral visit of Pope John Paul II to Venezuela. February 10: IBM's Deep Blue supercomputer defeats Russian Garry Kasparov for the first time in a game of chess. February 14: at the Faculty of Law of the Autonomous University of Madrid (Spain), the terrorist group ETA assassinates Professor Francisco Tomás y Valiente. February 17: NASA launches the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft toward the asteroid Eros. February 27: Pokemon red and green are traded in Japan. February 29: in front of the Alfredo Rodríguez Ballón International Airport, in the city of Arequipa (Peru), a Boeing 737-200 of the airline Faucett Peru (Flight 251) crashes. 123 people die.

March

March 2nd: In Florida, the United States, former Dominican President Jacobo Majluta dies. In Australia, federal elections are held. March 3: in Spain, the Popular Party headed by José María Az

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