1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on a Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar. It was also the number 1997 anno Domini or of the Christian Era designation, as well as the ninety-ninety-seventh of the second millennium, the ninety-seventh of the 20th century, and the eighth of the 1990s.
January 1: in Mexico long distance dialing changes are made.
January 2 in Puerto Rico Pedro Rossello begins his second and last term as governor.
January 5 – Russian Federation troops announce their withdrawal from Chechnya.
January 7: in Algiers, a car bomb causes 13 deaths in front of the Senox corporation.
January 8: in Madrid, ETA assassinates Lieutenant Colonel Jesús Cuesta, after Herri Batasuna's announcement of "a future of suffering".
January 9: The automobile company General Motors agrees to withdraw the lawsuit against the German company Volkswagen.
January 10: in Nicaragua, Arnoldo Alemán takes possession of the presidency.
January 13: In Costa Rica, a total of 102 developing countries, members of the Group of 77 and the People's Republic of China begin a three-day meeting.
January 14: Spanish José María Gil-Robles y Gil-Delgado is elected President of the European Parliament.
January 17: Throughout Spain, tens of thousands of people demonstrate to demand the freedom of Cosme Delclaux and Ortega Lara, kidnapped by the armed gang ETA.
January 18: Three Spanish aid workers from the NGO Doctors of the World are assassinated in Rwanda: Luis Valtueña, Flors Sirera and Manuel Madrazo.
January 20: In the United States, President Bill Clinton begins his second term.
January 22 – Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
January 25: in Pinamar (Argentina) the photographer José Luis Cabezas is assassinated on the orders of businessman Alfredo Yabrán.
February 2: The Microcredit Summit is inaugurated in the United States, an international movement aimed at granting small economic aid to the 100 million poorest families in the world so that they can dedicate them to specific productive activities.
February 4: the governments of the United States, France and the United Kingdom decide to create a fund to compensate the victims of the Holocaust, whose base starts with 68 million dollars in bullion.
February 5: In the United States, the brokerage firms Morgan Stanley and Dean Witter announce their merger with which they will form the largest securities firm on Wall Street, with funds of 270 billion dollars.
February 5: In Ecuador, the National Congress (at the request of social movements and citizens), removes the lawyer and singer Abdalá Bucaram from his position as president, alleging "mental incapacity to govern" and appoints Fabián Alarcón interim president, then President of Congress. Bucaram does not accept what was ruled by the congress and Vice President Rosalía Arteaga assumes the functions of the presidency for two days.
February 7: The United States vetoes a draft UN Security Council resolution prepared by the European Union against Israeli plans to build a Jewish neighborhood in East Jerusalem.
February 10: in Madrid, ETA assassinates the magistrate of the Supreme Court Rafael Martínez, and in Granada the civil hairdresser of the Armilla military base, Domingo Puente Marín.
February 11: In Ecuador, the former president of Congress, Fabián Alarcón, becomes head of the State of Ecuador until August 10, 1998, by decision of Parliament.
February 11: In Peru, the government meets with members of an armed command of the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA).
February 11: in Tolosa (Guipúzcoa), the terrorist group ETA assassinates the industrialist Francisco Arratibel Fuentes.
February 13: in Spain, the Congress approves the p