June 22 is the 173rd (one hundred and seventy-third) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the 174th in leap years. There are 192 days left to end the year.
235 BC C.: in Egypt, Eratosthenes measured the circumference of the Earth for the first time.
871: in Wasit (Iraq) an earthquake is recorded that leaves a balance of 20,000 victims. (This is possibly the same earthquake that was recorded as having occurred on November 18, 871.)
1372: in the battle of La Rochelle, the Castilian squad of Bocanegra destroys the English of Pembroke.
1484: in Spain, the Christian army undertakes a new attack on the Granada plain, felling and destroying considerable land in Alhendín, Villa de Otura, and successively in Gójar, Dílar, La Zubia and Armilla.
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates for the second time.
1826: in Central America the Congress of Panama begins sessions.
1827: The Chilean government dissolves Congress and consults the provinces on a new constitution, to be promulgated in 1828.
1911: in Mexico, federal forces recover the city of Tijuana, taken by the filibusters.
1928: The first international telephone line is inaugurated in Chile. It communicated Santiago with Mendoza (Argentina), and therefore with Buenos Aires (Argentina) and Montevideo (Uruguay).
1934: In Germany, the contract between the Association of the German Reich Automobile Industry and Ferdinand Porsche is signed, with which the development of the Volkswagen “Beetle” car begins.
1938: in Puerto Rico, Luis Muñoz Marín founded the Popular Democratic Party.
1939: in Diúpivogur (Iceland) the highest temperature in the history of that country is recorded: 30.5 °C (86.9 °F).
1940: France surrenders to Nazi Germany in World War II.
1941: In Samarkand, Soviet Union, a Soviet archaeological team led by Mikhail Gerasimov exhumes the body of the conqueror Tamerlane.
1941: at 3:15 a.m. m. (German time), more than 3 million Wehrmacht troops start Operation Barbarossa; the invasion of the Soviet Union.
1941: in Chile the Experimental Theater of the University of Chile makes its first presentation.
1944: in the framework of World War II, the Soviet Union initiates Operation Bagration.
1957: Philippines, in the province of Davao del Sur, the municipality of Matanao is created.
1960: Legislative elections are held in the Canadian province of Quebec in which the Liberal Party defeats the National Union for the first time since 1939.
1962 – The last of 744 Boeing B-52 Stratofortress strategic bombers, B-52H-175-BW, serial number 61-0040, was deployed to the Boeing Military Airplane Company plant in Wichita, Kansas.
1962: In Istres, France, Société des Avions Marcel Dassault test pilot Jacqueline Marie-Thérèse Suzanne Douet Auriol flew a delta-winged Dassault Mirage III C interceptor to set a new Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) world record for speed on a closed Circuit of 100 Kilometers. Her average speed over the course was 1,850.2 kilometers per hour (1,149.7 miles per hour). Mme. Auriol broke the record set on October 6, 1961 by Jacqueline Cochran with a Northrop T-38A Talon.
1966: the Iguazú Act is signed, between Paraguay and Brazil.
1981: The first great success of the Spanish band Mecano is published, Today I can't get up.
1986: in the World Cup in Mexico, the player Diego Armando Maradona scores a goal with his hand (an act that will be humorously called "the Hand of God") against the British team. Later, and during the same match, he scored the Goal of the Century, considered one of the most outstanding goals in World Cup history.
1993: Mexican singer Luis Miguel releases his ninth studio album titled Aries.
1993: in the United States, The singer-songwriter