August 5


August 13, 2022

August 5 is the 217th (two hundred and seventeenth) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the 218th in leap years. There are 148 days left in the year.


57 a. C .: Roman orator Marco Tulio Cicero, thanks to the help of Milon, returns to Rome after his exile, provoked by the accusations of his political rival Clodius. 1351: in Jaén (Spain) Alfonso XI conquers the town of Alcalá la Real from the Muslims. 1496: Bartholomew Columbus, brother of Christopher Columbus, founds the village of Santo Domingo, which soon became the most important in the New World. 1498: on his third trip to America, Columbus sets foot on continental land for the first time in the Yacua cove, located on the southern coast of the Paria peninsula, in present-day Venezuela. 1583: British navigator Humphrey Gilbert lands on the island of Newfoundland, which will be England's first colony in North America. 1717: in the city of Antigua (Guatemala) the image of Jesús Nazareno de la Merced is consecrated. 1772: the Treaty of Saint Petersburg is established, an agreement between Austria, Prussia and Russia to divide up Poland, which will lead to the first occupation of Warsaw by the Russians. 1783: in the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (present-day Argentina) the Intendancy subdivision of Córdoba del Tucumán is created (which occupies the current provinces of Córdoba, Mendoza, La Rioja, San Juan and San Luis). 1796: At Castiglione, Napoleon defeats the Austrians, ending their threat to Italy. 1858: the first submarine transatlantic cable is laid from which, two days later, the first telegram between the Old and the New World will be transmitted. 1873: in Rome (Italy), at the initiative of Emilio Castelar y Ripoll, the Spanish Academy of Fine Arts is created. 1883: in Badajoz (Spain) a military coup attempt is recorded. 1889: the new Sorbonne University building is inaugurated in Paris. 1901: Chile, Argentina, Peru and Bolivia lead border conflicts. 1903: Russia sends a squad against Turkey after the assassination of the Russian consul in Monastir. 1903: the Colombian Congress rejects the treaty for the construction of the Panama Canal, between the United States and Colombia. 1904: Pedro Pidal and Gregorio Pérez climb Naranjo de Bulnes for the first time. 1906: Iranian Constitutional Revolution: Shah Qayar Mozaffareddin gives in to the protests and signs the firman ordering the creation of the Islamic Consultative Assembly, transforming the Persian regime into a constitutional monarchy. 1908: an airship is destroyed in the first accident recorded by these devices in the history of air navigation. Only material damage occurs. 1909: the Cretan crisis worsens and the Ottoman Empire asks Greece to disavow the demonstration the day before. 1911: the German government sends the Bremen cruise ship to Haiti to safeguard the lives of its fellow citizens, threatened by the riots. 1913: The International Medical Conference is held in London. 1914: Spain and the United States declare themselves neutral in World War I (1914-1918). 1915: In Poland, the German army takes Warsaw. 1916: in Sadovo (Bulgaria) the highest temperature in the history of that country is recorded: 45.2 °C (113.3 °F). 1918: Austria capitulates to Allied troops. 1918: Off the coast of Virginia, United States, a German submarine sinks the 10,000-ton American oil tanker O. B. Jenning. 1919: Turkish general Mustafa Kemal revolts, together with his supporters of the nationalist congress in Erzurum, against the government of Damad Ferid. 1920: The Reichstag approves the law on disarmament. 1921 : in Turkey, Mustafa Kemal obtains full powers to fight against Greece. 1923: the Spanish Rowing Championships are inaugurated. 1924: Juan Bautista Llorens wins the Spanish Cycling Championship. 1925: in Spain an edict is published