Public administration

Article

July 1, 2022

Public administration is a system of imprecise limits that includes the set of communications with the public government of the city and seeks public organizations that perform the administrative and management function of the State[1] and other public entities with legal personality, whether regional or local. In strictly academic terms, the Public Administration is in charge of putting citizens in direct contact with political power through the figure of public servants "satisfying" collective interests immediately, in contrast to the legislative and judicial powers that they do mediately. Given the way in which Public Administration is related to citizenship and the governmental dynamics to which it is subject, it is, then, a branch of Political Science; That is why Public Administration is traditionally studied within said social science in a complementary way. It is mainly regulated by the executive power and the agencies that are in permanent contact with it. As an exception, some dependencies of the legislative power integrate the notion of «Public Administration» (such as state companies), while there may be sets of «General Administration» in the other four powers or in state bodies that may depend on one. [note 1]​ The administration includes the set of communications with the public government of the city, the way in which the public administration relates to the citizenry and the governmental dynamics to which it is subject to change. The notion reaches teachers and other workers in public education, as well as professionals in state health centers, the police, the armed forces, the national park service and the postal service. In a broader concept, public administration can be considered to be any sector or entity that generates or receives its resources from some source of state financing. On the other hand, it is discussed whether it is made up of public services provided by private organizations authorized by the State. The concept does not reach the state entities that carry out the legislative function or the judicial function of the State.

Origin and scope of the term

The word manage comes from the Latin ad-ministrare,"ad" (go, towards) and "ministrare" ("serve", "care") and is related to the activity of Roman ministers in ancient times. However, the concept of public administration can be understood from two points of view. From a formal point of view, it is understood as the entity that administers, that is, the public body that has received from the political power the competence and the necessary means for the satisfaction of general interests. From a material point of view, the administrative activity is rather understood, that is, the activity of this organization considered in its management problems and its own existence, both in its relations with other similar organizations and with individuals to ensure the execution of his mission. It can also be understood as the discipline in charge of the scientific management of resources and the direction of human work focused on the satisfaction of the public interest, the latter understood as the expectations of the community.

Concepts of public administration

It is the action of the Government to dictate and apply the necessary provisions for the fulfillment of the laws and for the conservation and promotion of public interests and to resolve the claims to which the order gives rise. It is the set of organisms in charge of fulfilling this function.[2] Public administration, as an organic structure, is a creation of the State, regulated by positive law and as an activity constitutes a public function