Antoni Gaudi

Article

December 6, 2021

Antoni Gaudí i Cornet or Antonio Gaudí [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] (Reus or Riudoms, [6] June 25, 1852-Barcelona, ​​June 10, 1926) He was a Spanish architect, the highest representative of Catalan Modernism. Gaudí was an architect with an innate sense of geometry and volume, as well as a great imaginative capacity that allowed him to mentally project most of his works before transferring them to plans. In fact, he rarely made detailed plans of his works; he preferred to recreate them on three-dimensional models, molding all the details as he mentally devised them. At other times, he would improvise as he went, instructing his collaborators on what to do. Endowed with a strong intuition and creative capacity, Gaudí conceived his buildings in a global way, taking into account both structural solutions and functional and decorative ones. He studied even the smallest detail of his creations, integrating into the architecture a whole series of handicrafts that he himself perfectly mastered: ceramics, glassware, iron forging, carpentry, etc. Likewise, he introduced new techniques in the treatment of materials, such as his famous trencadís made with pieces of discarded ceramics. After a few beginnings influenced by neo-Gothic art, as well as certain oriental tendencies, Gaudí ended up in modernism in its most effervescent period, between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th. However, the Reus architect went beyond orthodox modernism, creating a personal style based on the observation of nature, the result of which was his use of ruled geometric shapes, such as the hyperbolic paraboloid, the hyperboloid, the helicoid and the cone. Gaudí's architecture is marked by a strong personal stamp, characterized by the search for new structural solutions, which he achieved after a lifetime dedicated to analyzing the optimal structure of the building, integrated into its environment and being a synthesis of all the arts. and trades. Through the study and practice of new and original solutions, Gaudí's work will culminate in an organic style, inspired by nature, but without losing the experience provided by previous styles, generating an architectural work that is a perfect symbiosis of tradition and the innovation. Likewise, all of his work is marked by what were the four great passions of his in life: architecture, nature, religion and love of Catalonia. [7] Gaudí's work has achieved wide international diffusion over time, with countless studies devoted to his way of understanding architecture. Today it is admired by both professionals and the general public: the Sagrada Familia is currently one of the most visited monuments in Spain. [8] Between 1984 and 2005 seven of his works were considered a World Heritage Site by the Unesco.

Biography

Birth, childhood and studies

Antoni Gaudí was born on June 25, 1852, the son of the boilermaker Francesc Gaudí i Serra (1813-1906) and Antònia Cornet i Bertran (1819-1876). He was the youngest of five siblings, of whom only three reached adulthood: Rosa (1844-1879), Francesc (1851-1876) and Antoni. Gaudí's family origins go back to the south of France, in Auvergne, from where one of his ancestors, Joan Gaudí, a street vendor, went to Catalonia in the 17th century; the surname in the origin of him could be Gaudy or Gaudin. [10] The exact place of Gaudí's birth is unknown, since no document that specifies it is preserved, and there is a controversy between Reus and Riudoms (two neighboring municipalities of the Bajo Campo region) about the architect's birthplace. Even so, in most of Gaudí's documents, both from his time of

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