Barcelona

Article

December 7, 2021

Barcelona is a Spanish city, capital of the autonomous community of Catalonia, of the homonymous province and of the Barcelonés region. With a population of &&&&&&&& 01664162. &&&&& 01 664 162 inhabitants in 2020, [7] it is the second most populous city in Spain and the Iberian Peninsula after Madrid, and the tenth in the European Union. The metropolitan area of ​​Barcelona has &&&&&&&& 03339279. &&&&& 03 339 279 (2020) [8] and the metropolitan area of ​​Barcelona 4 895 876 ​​inhabitants (2019), making it the fifth city with the largest population in the European Union. [9] [ 10] It has a nominal GDP of USD 142,223 million and a nominal GDP per capita of USD 30,619, which represents a PPP GDP per capita of USD 36,240, [11] being the second largest Spanish metropolitan area in economic activity and the seventeenth European after London, Paris, Rhine-Ruhr, Amsterdam, Milan, Brussels, Moscow, Frankfurt am Main, Munich, Madrid, Berlin, Vienna, Rome, Copenhagen, Stockholm and Birmingham. It is located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, about 120 km south of the Pyrenees mountain range and the border with France, in a small coastal plain limited by the sea to the east, the Sierra de Collserola to the west, the river Llobregat to the south and the Besós river to the north. As it was the capital of the county of Barcelona, ​​it is often referred to by the antonomastic name of Ciudad Condal. The history of Barcelona spans 4000 years, from the end of the Neolithic Age, with the first remains found in the city, to the present day. The substratum of its inhabitants unites the Iberian, Roman, Jewish, Visigoth, Muslim and Christian peoples. As the capital of Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain, it has forged its relevance over time, from being a small Roman colony to becoming a city valued internationally for aspects such as its economy, artistic heritage, culture, sports and social life. Barcelona has been the scene of various international events that have contributed to its consolidation, development and global projection. The most relevant have been the Universal Exhibition of 1888, the International Exhibition of 1929, the Olympic Games of 1992 and the Universal Forum of Cultures 2004. It is also the headquarters of the secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean. [12] Today, Barcelona is recognized as a global city for its cultural, financial, commercial and tourist importance. It has one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean and is also an important communication point between Spain and France, due to motorway and high-speed rail connections. The Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat Airport, located 15 km from the city center, was used by more than 52.6 million passengers in 2019. [13]

Toponymy

The origin of the name Barcelona is unknown and there are various theories and legends that try to explain it. It is known that there was an original Iberian city, of the Layetan tribe. Later it was conquered by Cneo Cornelio Escipión Calvo, [14] and later it was converted into a Roman colony, placed under the protection of Cayo Julio César and Octavio Augusto, who received the name of Colonia Iulia Augusta Paterna Faventia Barcino. [15 ] The name evolved during the Middle Ages, when the city was known as Barchinona, Barcalona, ​​Barchelona, ​​and Barchenona. One of the legends about the origin of Barcelona alludes to a hypothetical foundation by the Carthaginian general Amílcar Barca after conquering the Iberian enclave after his landing in Iberia, while another version is attributed to his son Aníbal, who occupied the territory during the Second Punic War in its advance to the Pyrenees. [16] However, there is no documentary evidence of this link between the names of the family c

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