Hunting or hunting (also, hunting activity) is the activity or action in which an animal is captured or killed in the wild or wild, after its pisteo and persecution.  According to the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset, « hunting is everything that is done before and after the death of the animal. Death is essential for the hunt to exist ”. 
The human species has practiced hunting since prehistoric times, it was the first and main occupation of men. It is considered that the first human groups used a hunting, fishing and gathering system which was very efficient to guarantee the population of the planet. And even today it is still part of the livelihood of many human groups. 
The human began to hunt to subsist, and this is still the case today in many parts of the world. Subsistence hunting is that activity carried out in order to obtain animal protein or hunting by-products to satisfy the needs of human groups linked to rural areas where the availability of game species is high.
The exercise of hunting is reflected in religious and mythological texts. For example, the Bible says that Noah's grandson Nimrod was a hunter. Ishmael, son of Abraham and Hagar, distinguished himself in this exercise. Esau sold his inheritance to Jacob for a bowl of lentils when he arrived hungry from the game. David was a hunter, etc.
Greek mythology depicts Artemis as the divinity of hunters. Chiron, who took care of the instruction of most of the heroes of antiquity, was instructed by Artemis in the art of hunting. She attributes to Pollux the glory of having taught or trained dogs in hunting; and Castor introduced horses to deer hunting.
In Babylon and Media they also had a particular fondness for hunting and the latter had built large parks, in which they kept lions, wild boars, leopards and deer. In the Greece of heroic times they were also passionate about hunting. Plato called hunting "divine exercise" and the school of military virtues. We read in Homer that Ulysses was wounded in the thigh by a wild boar whose signal lasted his whole life. They had a certain pride in owning well-trained dogs, which they gave different names, distinguishing them according to the country from which they came. The hunting of birds with the hawk and hawk was not unknown to them either.
In Rome only slaves and people of low extraction were those who went hunting, although they considered this occupation as an honest exercise. Paulo Emilio gave Scipio hunting equipment similar to those of the Macedonian kings; and the young hero after the defeat of Perseus hunted in the kingdom of this prince for as long as his troops remained in it. Pompey, victorious in the African regions, indulged these peoples to the pleasures of hunting.
In Rome you went hunting in the woods, in the fields, etc. and in the last days of the republic, in the groves or parks where they kept animals of all kinds. Hunting with dogs always seemed the noblest to them; although this did not prevent, as Plinio says, that they also hunt with the hawk or the hawk.
After the conquest of Gaul, the Franks entrusted the locals with the cultivation of the land and reserved hunting for themselves, which became a noble exercise among them.
Hunting was formerly allowed to everyone. The Romans had not yet formed a point of jurisprudence from it. The Salic law already contained some regulations relating to hunting, but it did not restrict the natural law of this in any way. Little by little laws were introduced and regulations were formed for the exercise of it, not allowing in certain countries to dedicate themselves to hunting but to the distinguished class of society.