Crowborough is a town in the Wealden district of East Sussex in England. It is situated on the Weald and on the edge of the Ashdown Forest, in the High Weald Area of Outstanding National Beauty 7 miles (12.8 km) south-west of Royal Tunbridge Wells and 35 miles (56 km) south From london. It has a road and railroad and is directed by a municipal council. It is the largest inland city (by population) in East Sussex.
There are several derivations for the meaning of the name of the city. Before becoming an agreement, local documents use the names Crohbergh, Crowbergh, Croweborowghe, Crowbarrow, and Crowboro. Croh (Old English: saffron or golden yellow and berg means mountain). Gorse, which grows in abundance in the Beacon Crowborough area, and its yellow flowers may well have contributed to its significance.
In 1734, a local benefactor, Sir Henry Fermor bequeathed money for a charity church and school for the benefit of the "very ignorant and pagan people" who lived in the part of Rotherfield "in or near a place called Crowborough and Ashdown Forest" . The church, dedicated to All Saints, and the (primary) school still survive today.
In the 19th century it was promoted as a health center based on its altitude, the hills and the surrounding forest. Realtors at the time went so far as to call it Scotland in Sussex.
Crowborough as a place in its own right was created in 1880, when an ecclesiastical parish was formed from that in nearby Rotherfield; a civil parish was created on April 6, 1905; which in turn became a City Council on May 24, 1988.
Crowborough shares the Wealden County Council headquarters with Hailsham, 13 miles (20.8 km) to the south-west, this involvement is due to the transfer of Hailsham in 2010 alone.
The highest point in the city is 242 meters above sea level. This summit is the highest point in the High Weald and the second highest in East Sussex (the highest is Ditchling Beacon). Its relative height is 159 m, meaning Crowborough qualifies as one of the Marilyns of England. The summit is not marked on the ground.
Crowborough is located on the A26 road between Tunbridge Wells and Lewes.
The Crowborougha railway station is on the line to Uckfield which is operated by Southern taking passengers to London Bridge station; the trip takes about an hour.
Crowborough has one high school: Beacon Community College; and seven primary schools:
Whitehill Infant School
Herne Junior School
High Hurstwood CE School
Jarvis Brook County Primary School
St Johns CE School
St Mary’s RC School
Sir Henry Fermor CE School
Grove Park Special School also has two independent high schools.
The town's close location to the Kent / East Sussex borders allows Kent's grammar schools to be available to Crowborough students.
Crowborough Hospital is a small rural clinic with a midwifery unit. This unit has been the target of threats of closure on repeated occasions, however they still offer their services thanks to a strong local campaign. Non-maternity services are provided by the hospitals in Pembury and Haywards Heath.
Sports and entertainment
Crowborough has several recreation centers, perhaps the most famous is called Goldsmiths, which is the local center of entertainment. The Goldsmiths Recreation Center was granted to the district by its private owners in 1937. Since then, the town council has acquired additional land and developed these lands into a recreation center for the entire community.