Story

Article

October 28, 2021

A story (from the Latin, compŭtus, count) [1] is a short narrative created by one or more authors, it can be based either on real or fictional events, whose plot is carried out by a small group of characters and with an argument relatively straightforward. The story is shared both orally and in writing, although at first the most common was by oral tradition. In addition, it can give an account of real or fantastic events but always starting from the basis of being an act of fiction, or a mixture of fiction with real events and real characters. It usually contains several characters that participate in a single central action, and there are those who believe that a shocking ending is an indispensable requirement of this genre. Its objective is to awaken a shocking emotional reaction in the reader. Although it can be written in verse, totally or partially, in general it is given in prose. It is done through the intervention of a narrator, and with a preponderance of the narration over the monologue, the dialogue, or the description. The story, says Julio Cortázar, as in boxing, wins by knock out, while the novel wins by points. The story recreates situations. The novel recreates worlds and characters (their psychology and their characters). [2] [3] [4] Basically, a story is characterized by its short length because it must be shorter than a novel, and also, it usually has a closed structure where it develops a story, and only a climax can be recognized. In the novel, and even in what is called a short novel, the plot develops secondary conflicts, which generally does not happen with the story, since it must above all be concise. The boundaries between a short story and a short novel are somewhat blurred. A short novel is a prose narration of less length than a novel and less development of the characters and the plot, although without the economy of narrative resources typical of the story. [5] [3] [6]

Types of stories

There are two types of stories: [7] [8] Folk tale: it is a short traditional narrative of imaginary events that occurs in multiple versions, which coincide in structure but differ in details, where the authors are unknown in most cases (although it may be known who compiled it) . It has four subdivisions: fairy tales, animal tales, fables, and tales of customs. The myth and the legend are also traditional narratives, but they are usually considered autonomous genres, a key factor to differentiate them from the popular tale is that they are not presented as fictions. [9] [10] Literary tale: it is the story conceived and transmitted through writing. The author in this case is usually known. The text, fixed in writing, is generally presented in a single version, without the set of variants characteristic of the folk tale of essentially oral tradition. An important corpus of tales from Ancient Egypt is preserved, constituting the first known sample of the genre. One of the first manifestations of this type in the Spanish language is the work The Count Lucanor, which brings together 51 stories of different origins, written by the Infante Don Juan Manuel in the fourteenth century. [11] [12] In the Muslim world the best-known classic collection is The Thousand and One Nights. In the Renaissance, Giovanni Boccaccio was the most influential author with his Decameron. In modern times, Edgar Allan Poe, Anton Chekhov, Leopoldo Alas and Jorge Luis Borges, among many others, are considered classic storytellers.

Structure

The story is made up of three parts: Introduction: It is the initial part of the story, where all the characters and their purposes are presented, but mainly the normality of the story is presented. What is presented in the introduction is what is broken or altered in the knot. The introduction sets the stage for the knot to make sense. Knot: It is the pa

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