October 28, 2021
A story (from the Latin, compŭtus, count)  is a short narrative created by one or more authors, it can be based either on real or fictional events, whose plot is carried out by a small group of characters and with an argument relatively straightforward. The story is shared both orally and in writing, although at first the most common was by oral tradition. In addition, it can give an account of real or fantastic events but always starting from the basis of being an act of fiction, or a mixture of fiction with real events and real characters. It usually contains several characters that participate in a single central action, and there are those who believe that a shocking ending is an indispensable requirement of this genre. Its objective is to awaken a shocking emotional reaction in the reader. Although it can be written in verse, totally or partially, in general it is given in prose. It is done through the intervention of a narrator, and with a preponderance of the narration over the monologue, the dialogue, or the description. The story, says Julio Cortázar, as in boxing, wins by knock out, while the novel wins by points. The story recreates situations. The novel recreates worlds and characters (their psychology and their characters).    Basically, a story is characterized by its short length because it must be shorter than a novel, and also, it usually has a closed structure where it develops a story, and only a climax can be recognized. In the novel, and even in what is called a short novel, the plot develops secondary conflicts, which generally does not happen with the story, since it must above all be concise. The boundaries between a short story and a short novel are somewhat blurred. A short novel is a prose narration of less length than a novel and less development of the characters and the plot, although without the economy of narrative resources typical of the story.