International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

Article

December 6, 2021

The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is commemorated annually on November 25 to denounce the violence that is exercised against women throughout the world and demand policies in all countries for its eradication. The call was initiated by the Latin American feminist movement in 1981, in commemoration of the date on which the three Mirabal sisters (Patria, Minerva and María Teresa) were assassinated in the Dominican Republic in 1960. [1] In 1999 , the day of vindication was assumed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution 54/134, on December 17, 1999, understanding by violence against women “any act of violence based on belonging to the female sex that has or may result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering for the woman, as well as threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether they occur in public life or in private life ", and inviting governments, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations to convene activities aimed at sensitizing public opinion on the problem of violence against women. [2] [1] Violence against women has become a structural problem. It is directed towards women with the aim of maintaining or increasing their subordination to the male gender. [3] Its origin is found in the lack of equity in the relations between men and women in different spheres and in the persistent discrimination towards women. [4] It is a social problem present both in the domestic sphere and in the public, in different aspects: physical, sexual, psychological, economic, cultural and others, and affects women from birth to advanced age. It is not confined to a specific culture, region or country, nor to specific groups of women in society. [5] The fight against gender violence has an important political dimension, according to specialists from different fields. [6] Among the keys to fighting violence against women and advancing in prevention are education and an adequate response from justice that avoids impunity. [4] Achieving gender equality necessarily involves "transforming social rules" and the roles that subordinate women, according to the regional director of UN Women for the Americas and the Caribbean, Luiza Carvalho. [ 7] The most common form of violence experienced by women globally is physical violence inflicted by an intimate partner, including women who are beaten, forced to have sex, or victims of some other form of abuse. Among the daily forms of violence against women, the UN denounces, there are also, among others, the trafficking of women, female genital mutilation, murder for dowry, "honor killing" and sexual violence in conflicts. [5] Up to 70 percent of women experience violence in their lifetime. [5]

History

On November 25, 1960, in the Dominican Republic, the three Mirabal sisters were assassinated: Patria Mirabal, Minerva Mirabal and María Teresa Mirabal, political activists, on the orders of the dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo. In 1981, the First Latin American and Caribbean Feminist Encounter was held in Bogotá, Colombia, where it was decided to mark November 25 as the International Day of Non-Violence against Women, in memory of the Mirabal sisters. [8] In 1991, the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence Campaign was started at the Center for Global Leadership of Women proposing activities for the eradication of gender violence from November 25 to December 10, Day of Human Rights. [9] In 19

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