Denmark

Article

July 6, 2022

Denmark (Danish: Danmark pronounced /ˈtænmɑk/, "The Land or Mark of the Danes") is one of the twenty-seven sovereign states that make up the European Union. It is located in northern Europe. It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries and also the smallest. Officially, the Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark, Danmarks Rige) is a community made up of three autonomous parts, Denmark itself and its two overseas territories or dependent territories, Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Its capital and most populous city is Copenhagen, which is located on the island of Zealand. Denmark is part of Scandinavia and only has a land border with Germany, although since 1999 it has been linked with Sweden by road and rail, through the Øresund bridge. The Danish territory is made up of the Jutland peninsula (Jylland) and 407 islands of which 79 are inhabited (2009).[11] Denmark has 7,314 km of coastline[3] and is completely surrounded by the sea North and the Baltic Sea, with the exception of Jutland, which links it to the European continent. The main Danish islands are Zealand (Sjælland), Funen (Fyn), Vendsyssel-Thy, Lolland and Bornholm off the coast of Poland, the furthest from the Danish archipelago. This position has historically given Denmark control over access to the Baltic Sea. Since 1849, the year in which the absolute monarchy that had governed the country since 1660 was abolished, it became a parliamentary monarchy. In terms of permanence, the Danish royal family can be considered one of the oldest in the world, having existed for at least a millennium. Denmark is part of the European Union, although it does not use the euro. When the country joined the EEC in 1973, it did so without the Faroes, while Greenland opted to secede from the EEC in 1985. It also became a founding member of NATO in 1949, ending the traditional policy of neutrality. that he had maintained until then. Due to its poor nature in geological resources, Denmark focused its economy on agricultural activity, thanks to its farms, the exploitation of bombs and the naval industry. In the last century, the Danes have promoted the industrialization of their country and have favored the establishment of a welfare state model, guaranteeing access to public services since the signing of the Kanslergade agreement in 1933 and developing a highly developed mixed economy. Denmark stands out like the Scandinavian countries for having advanced engineering, cold winters, heavily forested and low population density; named the least corrupt country in the world (2010), with high economic growth since 1987 and, according to studies, the country where the inhabitants are happiest and one of the best in the world to live.[12]

Prehistory and history

Prehistoric Cultures

Although it is thought that the territory was inhabited about 120,000 years ago, the first archaeological remains related to human presence date from the Bølling oscillation, from 12,500-12,000 BC. C.[13] Magdalenian (12,000 BC-9,000 BC) They hunted horses and mammoths. The need for lithic raw materials (stone and wood) mobilized several family clans some ten thousand kilometers away. As the ice of Scandinavia receded, families migrated to the region. Maglemosian (9000 BC-6000 BC) Harpoons and hooks have been found and according to experts there were summer settlements in the rivers and seas, devoted to fishing. Kongemose Culture (6000 BC-5200 BC) The end of the ice age causes flooding on the Nordic coasts. The economy was based on deer and wild boar hunting supplemented by fishing in some coastal settlements. Ertebolliense (5300 BC-3950 BC) Culture of fishermen, their industry presents hooks, harpoons and s