Hard rock


January 20, 2022

Hard rock, heavy rock or hard rock, is a vaguely defined subgenre of rock music that emerged in the mid-1960s from the garage, blues and psychedelic rock movements.[citation needed] It is characterized by the use of aggressive lyrics with distorted electric guitars, a bass, drums, and sometimes keyboards. Within its origins and influences, styles and genres as varied as classic rock and roll, blues rock, garage rock, psychedelic rock and folk music can be mentioned but, from different points of view, it gradually eliminated external elements and constituted as its own identity.[citation needed] The term hard rock usually encompasses derivatives and subgenres of rock that are "heavier" and "ruder" than traditional, among which we can mention heavy metal, grunge, glam metal, southern rock, stoner rock, punk rock and even AOR among others, considered as subgenres included within hard rock, or genres derived from it.[citation needed] Although The Kinks was the first known artist to be cataloged as of this genre with their 1964 song "You Really Got Me", it would be another mythical rock band like The Jimi Hendrix Experience, who would be considered as of 1966, as one of the true creators of hard rock as a tangible and concrete entity. Likewise, during the 1960s other bands appeared that practiced primitive variants of this style and are considered pioneers of the genre, artists among which bands such as The Rolling Stones, The Beatles, Steppenwolf, MC5, Vanilla Fudge, The Amboy Dukes, Iron Butterfly, Blue Cheer and The Who. However, it is commonly considered that those who consolidated hard rock were Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple and Black Sabbath in the early 1970s.[citation needed] In the mid to late 1970s, AC/DC, the glamorous Aerosmith, Kiss, Whitesnake, Queen, Alice Cooper and Van Halen gave continuity to hard rock along with groups like Bad Company, Rainbow, the progressive Rush, Scorpions, Thin Lizzy and UFO, the Scottish Nazareth or the Ian Gillan Band, who finished shaping the gender in its entirety.[2] His songs are usually in a major key, with masterful use of minor keys; the pentatonic scale is used a lot, just like in rock, and traditional chords are often replaced by fifth chords. Chord progressions are often associated with degrees I-V or I-V-VIII of the scale, just like in rock and roll. The distortion effects of the guitars take center stage, the battery can reach a range of 100-150 beats per minute, with 120 being a common value. The guitar solo is a very important part of the song, as well as the lyrics and the melody of the voice. As for the lyrics, they tend to be darker in heavy metal and more festive in hard rock (with exceptions), dealing on numerous occasions and, above all, in the eighties of the last century, about fun, alcohol and girls. Although the structures are similar in hard rock and heavy metal, heavy metal is either slightly more complicated in structure or, perhaps, lends itself more to longer themes, with passages modulating at different keys from the original and its relative major. .[citation needed]


Hard rock has multiple characteristics. His songs are usually in a major key, with masterful use of minor keys, especially in ballads. The pentatonic scale, a characteristic inherited from the blues, is widely used and traditional chords are usually replaced by "fifth chords" or "power chords". In the 1980s, the use of diatonic scales such as the Ionian and Lydian scales is also generalized. The Phrygian scale and the harmonic minor scale, scales most used in the

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