Industria musical

Article

July 6, 2022

The music industry is made up of companies and individuals in the business of creating, disseminating and selling music. As a whole, it derives its income from the creation and exploitation of musical intellectual property. Composers and lyricists create songs, lyrics, and arrangements that are performed live on stage, recorded, and distributed to consumers or licensed for any other use.[1]

History

The music industry has coexisted since its inception with technological changes, which enabled the transition from music as an experiential and interactive live experience, to an entertainment industry that encompasses a larger set of alternatives. The most influential technological changes in the last fifty years were associated with recording techniques and storage media. Until the development of the compact disc, it was the record companies themselves that promoted technological innovations, because they implied growth in their businesses. Current technological changes such as the widespread use of the Internet, the emergence of the mp3 format, peer to peer software and mobile technologies have a more than significant impact on the way music is stored, reproduced, distributed and marketed. This change does not come from the industry itself, but this time it is the consumers who, through the use of these technologies, revolutionize the industry, causing changes in the behavior of the agents, their strategies and the appearance of new agents. Music as a physical and tangible good begins to be marketed through different media, which have evolved from the first vinyl records to compact discs.

Storage Media

Vinyl Record

It is a sound reproduction format based on analog mechanical recording. The nomenclature "vinyl record" or just "vinyl" has been generalized because that was the usual material for its manufacture. However, the discs could also be made of plastic, aluminum or other materials. Vinyl records have evolved from Singles, which recorded at a speed of 45 revolutions per minute (rpm), to Long Play Recording speeds of 33½ rpm up to 16 rpm. Vinyl records were the mainstay of the music industry until the advent of cassettes in the 1970s.

Cassette

It is a widely used magnetic tape sound recording format; often referred to as audio reel, cassette tape, or simply cassette. Between the 1970s and early 1990s, the cassette was one of the two most common formats for recorded music.

Audio Compact Disc

The compact disc of audio (CDA) began to be commercialized in 1982 by the companies Philips and Sony. It was the first digital optical recording system. The audio CD intended to overcome the limitations of conventional formats, establishing itself as the first sound reproduction system that does not deteriorate with use. It could be played over and over again, without losing sound quality. The CDA belongs to the Compact Disc family (so it has the shape of a circular floppy disk). This family also includes CD-R, CD-ROM and CD-RW (each of these formats has its own standard). The so-called Red Book defines the standard for CDAs. It belongs to a set of colored books known as Rainbow Books that contains technical specifications for all formats of the compact disc family. The first edition of the Red Book was released in 1980 by Philips and Sony and adopted by the Digital Audio Disc Committee. The audio CD was introduced to the industry in the late 1980s and achieved success.