Leon (Spain)

Article

October 28, 2021

León (in León, Llión) [7] is a municipality [8] and a Spanish city located in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, capital of the homonymous province, in the autonomous community of Castilla y León. León had &&&&&&&&& 0124303 in January 2019. &&&&& 0124 303 inhabitants [9] spread over an area of ​​39.03 km², and a metropolitan area of ​​203 191 inhabitants according to the map of functional areas of the Junta de Castilla y León (other projects give different figures [10]), distributed in fifteen municipalities. Born as a Roman military camp of Legio VI Victrix around 29 BC. C., its character as a country town was consolidated with the definitive settlement of Legio VII Gemina from the year 74. After its partial depopulation due to the Muslim conquest of the peninsula, León received a new boost as part of the Kingdom of Asturias . In 910 he began one of his most outstanding historical stages when he became head of the Kingdom of León, actively participating in the Reconquest against the Muslims, becoming one of the fundamental kingdoms in the configuration of the Kingdom of Spain. The city housed the first Courts in the history of Europe in 1188, under the reign of Alfonso IX, thanks to which in 2011 it was proclaimed by UNESCO and by the Junta de Castilla y León as the Cradle of Parliamentarism. [1] Since In the late Middle Ages the city ceased to have the importance of yesteryear, in part due to the loss of its independence after the integration of the Leonese kingdom into the Castilian Crown, definitive from 1301. Plunged into a period of stagnation during the Modern Age, in the War of Independence it was one of the first cities to rise up in all of Spain, and years after the end of it, in 1833, it would acquire its rank of provincial capital. The arrival of the 20th century brought with it the Ensanche Plan, which increased the urban expansion that had been undergoing since the end of the 19th century, when the city became an important communications hub in the northwest due to the boom in coal mining and the arrival of the railway. Its historical and monumental heritage, as well as various celebrations that take place throughout the year, among which Holy Week stands out, and its situation as an obligatory passage on the Camino de Santiago, considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, make it a city receiving national and international tourism. Among its most representative monuments are the Cathedral of Santa María de Regla, the best example of classical French-style Gothic in Spain, the Basilica of San Isidoro, one of the most important Romanesque churches in Spain, tomb of the medieval kings of León and considered as the Sistine Chapel of Romanesque art, the Monastery of San Marcos, the first example of Plateresque and Spanish Renaissance architecture, the Palace of Los Guzmanes, the Palace of the Counts of Luna, the church of Mercado or Camino la Antigua, the church of Palat del Rey, the Casa de las Carnicerías and the Casa Botines, in modernist style and built by the brilliant Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí; all of them declared a Site of Cultural Interest. [11] An outstanding example of modern architecture, and one of the city's museums is the MUSAC, by Mansilla + Tuñón Arquitectos. [12] The University of León, founded in 1979 as a split from the University of Oviedo, had 10,206 students in the 2019-2020 academic year; [13] it is based in the city and is cataloged, based on criteria such as university demand , human resources or study plans, [14] such as the 2nd university in Castilla y León, after the University of Salamanca, and the 30th in Spain. [15] Since May 4, 2010 , the city is home to the second headquarters of the University of Washington in Europe, after its headquarters in Rome, with a capacity for 500 students interested in the apprenticeship

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