The Angels

Article

May 23, 2022

Los Angeles (in English: Los Angeles, pronounced AFI: [lɔːs ˈændʒələs] (listen)), officially City of Los Angeles and abbreviated LA, is the most populous city in the US state of California and the second most populous city in the United States. United, after New York. It has, according to the 2020 United States Census, a population of 3,979,576[3] inhabitants, experiencing a growth of 4.9% in 10 years.[4] It is located in southern California and covers an area of ​​1215 km². The city is the center of the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana and Greater Los Angeles Metropolitan Statistical Areas, which, according to the 2010 census, had a population of 13 and 18 million people, respectively. It is, therefore, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world[5] and the second largest in the United States.[6] The city is also the county seat of Los Angeles, one of the most populous and ethnically diverse counties in the country;[7] the city of Los Angeles itself is recognized as one of the most diverse metropolises on the planet.[8] Its inhabitants are called "angelinos".[9] Los Angeles was founded on September 4, 1781 by the Spanish governor Felipe de Neve under the name "El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río de Porciúncula".[10] In 1821, after the war of independence of Mexico, the city was integrated as part of Mexico,[11] but in 1848, as a result of the American intervention in Mexico, Los Angeles and the rest of Alta California became part of the United States of America, from according to what was agreed in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.[12] The city was incorporated into the Union as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California reached the category of state of the United States.[13]​ Los Angeles is a global city with great influence in fields as diverse as business, international trade, entertainment, culture, media, fashion, science, sports, technology, education, medicine or the investigation. The city is home to renowned institutions spanning various professional and cultural fields, and is one of the most important economic engines in the United States. The Combined Statistical Area of ​​Los Angeles added in 2008 a gross regional product of 831,000 million USD, the third largest in the world after Tokyo and New York.[14] Los Angeles, within which is Hollywood, is a leader worldwide in the creation of television, video game, music and film productions that are successful all over the planet. In addition, the city has twice hosted the Summer Olympics, in 1932 and 1984, and will do so for the third time in 2028.

History

The Los Angeles coast was inhabited for centuries by the Tongva (also called Gabrieleños), the Chumash and other even older Amerindian peoples; perhaps for millennia. The first Europeans arrived in the area in 1542, led by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, a Spanish explorer who claimed the area as Ciudad de Dios on behalf of the Crown of Castile, but continued his journey without settling the area.[15] Los Angeles, like the entire state of California, was included in the mid-16th century in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. On August 2, 1769, Gaspar de Portolá and the Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí arrived at the place where the city is currently located. Crespí noted that the site had great potential as a settlement site.[16][17] In 1771, another Franciscan friar, Junípero Serra, ordered the construction of Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, which is now known as the San Gabriel Valley.[18] In 1777, the new governor of California, Felipe de Neve, recommended to the viceroy of New Spain than the previous site