August 15, 2022

Maine (English pronunciation: /meɪn/ ( listen)) is one of the fifty states that, together with Washington, D.C., make up the United States. Its capital is Augusta and its most populous city is Portland. It is located in the Northeast region of the country, New England division, bordering to the northwest, north and east with Canada (provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick), to the south with the Gulf of Maine (Atlantic Ocean) and to the southwest with New Hampshire. With 1,328,361 inhabitants. as of 2010 it is the 10th least populous state, ahead of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Montana, Delaware, South Dakota, Alaska, North Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming. It was admitted to the Union on March 15, 1820, as the 23rd state. It gets its name from the French province of Maine. Part of the northern border is defined by the Saint John River, the Sainte-Croix River forms part of the eastern border, and the Salmon Falls River the southwestern border. Its main cities are Augusta (the capital), Portland, Lewiston, Bangor, Auburn and South Portland. Louisiana and Maine are the only states in the United States with a strong francophone tradition and presence.

Physical Geography

The state is bordered to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the north by the Canadian provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick, and to the south by the state of New Hampshire. Maine is the largest state in the New England region, being almost half of the territory of New England, in addition to being the northernmost in this region and the easternmost in the entire United States, the city of Lubec is the most eastern United States. Maine is the least densely populated state on the east side of the Mississippi River. The state is called "the Pine Tree State", due to the fact that 90% of the territory of the state is made up of natural areas,[1] these areas are usually completely uninhabited, some of which do not have a formal political organization on the units local (rare in New England). In Northwest Aroostook, an unorganized territory in the northern part of the state, it has, for example, an area of ​​6,913 km² and a population of 10 inhabitants, equivalent to one person for every 69 km². Its territory occupies a total area of ​​91,646 km², similar in size to Portugal, which makes it the largest state in New England. It can be divided into three characteristic physiographic regions: the Coastal Lowlands, the New England Highlands, and the White Mountains. The coastal lowlands, stretching along the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, present an undulating landscape interrupted by numerous bays and estuaries. The rugged headlands are typical of a sinking glacial coastline that has been weighed down by vast ice caps, depressing the region. Most of the coastal islands are the tops of submerged land. One of the most spectacular rocky headlands corresponds to the granite promontory of Cadillac Mountain, on Mont Desert, the largest island in the state. The New England Highlands make up most of Maine; one sector is characterized by a rugged and mountainous landscape, and, on the other hand, especially around Bangor and Aroostook County, by very flat plains. Both the coastal lowlands and the highlands of New England sit largely on hard metamorphic rocks. Maine's major elevations are in the White Mountains region, which extends into New Hampshire and Vermont. Much of the area is made up of tough granite, such as Mount Katahdin. The Longfellow Mountains constitute the most important orographic chain. Much of Maine is covered by significant glacial deposits, such as eskers, which have left ridges of gravel and coarse sand in the beds of streams that flowed