May 23, 2022

Metallica is an American thrash metal band[1] originally from Los Angeles, but based in San Francisco since February 1983. It was founded in 1981 in Los Angeles by Lars Ulrich and James Hetfield, who would be joined by Dave Mustaine. and Ron McGovney. These two musicians were later replaced by guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Cliff Burton respectively, Dave Mustaine was fired a year after joining the band due to his excessive addiction to alcohol and his violent attitude, being replaced by Kirk Hammett (ex-guitarist of Exodus). Ron quits the band due to Dave Mustaine's bad behavior, which was violent and troublesome when he was under the influence of alcohol. It is then, after contacting Cliff Burton that the band moved to San Francisco. (It should be noted that Ron knew that he was going to be fired and replaced by Cliff Burton). On the other hand, on September 27, 1986, was the death of Cliff Burton in a bus accident in Sweden, during one of his tours, this caused the entry to the group of Jason Newsted,[2] who, after his abandonment fifteen years later, he would be replaced by the current bassist, Robert Trujillo. To date, the band has released 10 studio albums, the last of these being Hardwired to Self Destruct, which was released worldwide on November 18, 2016. Metallica's total sales exceed 120 million,[3] and He considers them part of the four greats of thrash metal, along with Megadeth, Slayer and Anthrax.[4] In addition, the group has won numerous music awards, including nine Grammys, two awards given by the MTV music network, two awards from the Academy of American Music (American Music Awards) and two awards from Billboard magazine, in addition to belonging since 2009 to the Rock Hall of Fame[5] and having a star on the Walk of Fame of the Kerrang magazine!



First contacts

Metallica's history is considered to have begun in 1980 when young Lars Ulrich, originally from Gentofte, Denmark, moved with his family to Los Angeles. The son of professional tennis player Torben Ulrich,[6] Ulrich had developed an enormous fondness for heavy metal during the 1970s, when the NWOBHM (New Wave of British Heavy Metal) was booming in the European underground scene. With his transfer to the United States, planned by his father with the original objective of preparing a career in professional tennis, Ulrich's hobby would practically become an obsession, which was especially concentrated in unknown groups of the new current. English. His priority when he arrived in Los Angeles was to exploit his musical ability along with other young people, which led him in 1981 to publish an advertisement in Recycler magazine, in which he requested a guitarist to form a band with influences from the bands of the NWOBHM,[7] specifically his favorite bands: Diamond Head, Def Leppard, Iron Maiden and Tygers of Pan Tang. Young James Hetfield, the son of a trucking company owner and an opera singer who educated his children in Christian Science, [6] responded to his ad. They began rehearsing together, and although Hetfield was initially unconvinced of Ulrich's playing,[8] they eventually formed a band. The key to this union was the theme that he had reserved by his friend Brian Slagel, founder of the newly created record company, Metal Blade Records, on the first compilation that the label would release, entitled Metal Massacre.[9 ] The group's name was the idea of ​​a friend of Lars's named Ron Quintana, [10] who had "Metalmania" and "Metallica" as possible names for a new music fanzine, although he was more inclined towards the latter. Ulrich liked "Metallica" so much that he was quick to recommend it (to Q