New York

Article

July 6, 2022

New York[2] (in English, New York, pronounced /nuˈjɔɹk/ (USA) or /njuːˈjɔːk/ (UK), officially New York City or NYC in acronym) is the most populous city in the United States and one of the most populated in the world.[6] Since the end of the 19th century it has been one of the centers of the world economy. New York is considered a global city, due to its influences worldwide in the media, in politics, in education, in architecture, in entertainment, the arts and fashion.[7] The artistic influence and cultural heritage of the city is one of the strongest in the world. In this city is the headquarters of the United Nations Organization. The great relevance of the city at many levels makes it, along with Moscow, Beijing, London, Tokyo and Paris, one of the most globalized cities on the planet.[8] The city is made up of five boroughs: Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island (also known as "metropolitan districts" for the purposes of the city, and whose translation and administrative figure is equivalent to "municipality"), each of which coincides with a county: Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond. With more than 24 million New Yorkers in an urban area of ​​830 square kilometers (320 mi²), New York is the second most densely populated city in the United States, behind only Union City, New Jersey, located across the Hudson River.[9] Along with Geneva, Basel and Strasbourg, New York is one of the few cities in the world that is the seat of several international institutions without being the political capital of a state.[10] The city has many places and buildings recognized all over the world. For example, the Statue of Liberty, located on the island of the same name, and Ellis Island, which received millions of immigrants who arrived in the United States at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th. Wall Street has been one of the world's major centers of finance since World War II and is home to the New York Stock Exchange. The city is also home to many of the world's tallest buildings, including the Empire State Building, One World Trade Center, the Chrysler Building, 432 Park Avenue, Trump Tower, the Seagram Building and previously the twin towers of the World Trade Center, which were torn down in the attacks of September 11, 2001. The city is also the birthplace of many American cultural movements, such as the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual arts, Abstract Expressionism (also known as the New York School) in painting, and hip hop, break dance,[11] punk, and Tin Pan Alley in music. In 2005, more than 700 languages ​​and dialects were spoken in the city, and 30% of its population was born outside the United States.[12][13]

Etymology

In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York, who would become King James II of England.[14] James's elder brother, King Charles II, named the duke owner of the former territory of New York. Netherlands, including the city of New Amsterdam, when England seized it from the Dutch.[15]

History

First European settlements

At the time of its European discovery, in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, the region was inhabited by around 5,000 indigenous people from the Lenape tribe. This Italian explorer in the service of the French crown called it Nouvelle Angoulême (New Angoulême).[16] The European settlement began in 1614 at the hands of the Dutch and in 1626, the head of the colony, Peter Minuit, bought the island from Manhattan to the Lenape (the legend, now disproved, has it for $24 worth of glass beads). The place would be renamed Nieuw Amsterdam and specialized in the fur trade.[17]