Paddy Moloney (Donnycarney, Dublin, August 1, 1938 - October 11, 2021)  was an Irish musician and record producer, leader of the Irish folk group The Chieftains. Piper and piper, master of the uilleann pipes, he learned from another great performer: Leo Rowsome. 
He was born in Donnycarney, a northern suburb of Dublin, into a family of musicians. His mother bought him his first tin whistle when he was six years old, and he began learning to play the diatonic accordion and the bodhran. With the bagpipe teacher Leo Rowsome he learned to play the uileann flutes. 
At the end of the 1950s, he met Seán Ó Riada, and years later he joined the Ceoltóirí Chualann group. In 1959, with Garech de Brun (anglicized as Garech Browne) he created the Claddagh Records label. 
He formed various groups with duet and trio musicians, and in 1962 he formed the band that would become The Chieftains with Sean Potts and Michael Tubridy. The Chieftains became one of the best-known traditional Irish groups in the world, winning six Grammys and many other awards. 
Moloney and The Chieftains worked with a wide range of artists throughout their long careers, making guest appearances and contributing to albums by Mike Oldfield, Ry Cooder, Marianne Faithful, Mick Jagger, Elvis Costello, and Sinead O'Connor. In 1987 they recorded the acclaimed album Irish Heartbeat with Van Morrison. 
Moloney, who also played the button accordion and bodhran, was the main composer and arranger of the music for The Chieftains and composed for such films as Treasure Island (1950 film), The Gray Fox, Braveheart, Gangs of New York and Barry. Stanley Kubrick's Lyndon. 
He was married to artist Rita O'Reilly and had three children, Aonghus Moloney, Padraig Moloney, and actress and producer Aedin Moloney.