Ptolemy V Epiphanes (Greek: Πτολεμαίος Επιφανής) (210-181 BC) was king of Egypt from the age of five. He belongs to the Ptolemaic dynasty. He was the last of the great Lagid kings, after him the dynastic and civil struggles (along with Roman interventionism) characterized the end of the Ptolemaic dynasty.
His reign began in the face of internal rebellions and foreign invasions. The Alexandrian forces managed to repel the invaders, and defeat Anjunnefer, the local native king of Upper Egypt. However, most of the outermost regions of the Ptolemaic kingdom were lost towards the end of his reign.
The official coronation took place in the year 196 BC. C., in Memphis, according to the traditional Egyptian ritual. On the occasion of this event, the Egyptian clergy published a decree written in three alphabets: hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek, on a stone stele: the Rosetta Stone; this decree was discovered in 1799, definitively contributing to the modern decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing.
Kings Antiochus III the Great (of the Seleucid dynasty) and Philip V of Macedonia declared war on him. He went to Rome to help him, but this intervention was disastrous for the future of the Egyptian kingdom.
He married in 193 a. C. with the Seleucid princess Cleopatra I, daughter of Antiochus III. His son Ptolemy VI Philometor ('the one who loves his mother') succeeded him on the throne.
Testimonies of his time
The temple of the lion deity Miysis at Leontópolis was rebuilt or restored (Arnold 1999:180)
Works in the precincts of the Temple of Anubis and Bastet at Saqqara (Arnold 1999:180)
New Temple for Khnum at Esna (Arnold 1999:180)
Two blocks found in the Nekhbet temple at El-Kab (Arnold 1999:181)
Reconstruction of the temple at Philae (Arnold 1999:181 - 183)
the rosetta stone
The trail of hunger
Horus Name: Hunujaemnisuthersetitef
Nebty name: Uerpehty Sementauysenefertamery Menejibjernecheru
Hor-Nub name: Uadyanjenhenmemet Nebhebusedmiptah
Digital Egypt for Universities
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