Raúl Isaías Baduel
Raúl Isaías Baduel (Las Mercedes, Guarico, July 6, 1955 - Caracas, October 12, 2021)  was a Venezuelan military and politician. In April 2002, he led the restitution of Hugo Chávez to power during the 2002 coup in Venezuela. He was the general commander of the Venezuelan Army from January 2004 to July 2006, and Minister of Defense from June 2006 to July 2006. 2007. Since 2009, he was in prison, serving a sentence of almost eight years, and on August 12, 2015, he received parole. In 2017 he was jailed again.
He graduated as a Bachelor of Science and Military Arts in the promotion "Brigadier General Francisco Carabaño" in 1976, with the number 11 of merit (out of 84 graduates). On December 17, 1982, he was one of the four founding members of the Movimiento Bolivariano Revolucionario-200, taking the Bolivarian oath under Samán de Güere along with Hugo Chávez, Jesús Urdaneta, Felipe Antonio Acosta Carlés. During February 4, 1992, and repeatedly on November 27, 1992, he stated that he was unwilling to participate in coups d'état, for which he was marginalized by his companions. He assumes command positions in the Army during the government of Hugo Chávez.
Operation Restitution of National Dignity
On April 13, 2002, as commander of the Army Paratroopers Brigade, he directed the so-called "Operation: Restitution of National Dignity" which had two fundamental purposes:
Restore the democratic thread and social peace after the 2002 coup in Venezuela.
Rescue President Hugo Chávez from captivity.
Minister of Defense
On June 24, 2006, while the parade was taking place in the 185th commemoration of the Battle of Carabobo that liberated Venezuela from Spanish rule, Major General Raúl Isaías Baduel was promoted to the rank of General-in-Chief and was appointed Minister of Defense of the government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. On July 18, 2007, in the courtyard of honor of the Military Academy of Venezuela, he passed into the honorable situation of retirement, being replaced in the position of Minister of Popular Power for Defense by General-in-Chief Gustavo Reyes Rangel Briceño, promoted on the same day, in the act of retirement of the 1977 class and the joint graduation of the second lieutenants and midshipmen of the "February 4, 1992" promotion.
Critical to Chavismo
On November 5, 2007, he spoke out against the constitutional reform (promoted by Chávez and the National Assembly), calling for a rise in the face of what was considered a crucial moment in modern Venezuelan history. In the referendum of December 2, 2007, President Chávez suffered his first defeat in national elections due to a difference in the tally sheets of around 150,000 to 200,000 out of a total of 9,000,000 (nine million) votes, in whose results the 'NO' won (the official results  are as follows: Block A: the 'NO' obtained 50.7% of the votes, the 'YES' obtained 49.29% of the votes; Block B: the 'NO' obtained 51.05% of the votes, the 'YES' obtained 48.94% of the votes), which sought the ratification of said reform.
After the referendum, he continued around the country proclaiming that the formula to change the country's situation before the power of the current government was to convene a National Constituent Assembly again. He continued to publicly express his criticism of the government of President Chávez - one of the actors, along with Baduel, of the oath of Samán de Güere - in a public way, where he said, among other things, that we cannot allow our system to become a State capitalism, where the State is the sole owner of the great means of production. A country can make the mistake of nominally calling