Rochester, New York

Article

May 23, 2022

Rochester (/ˈrɒtʃɛstər,_-ɪs-/) is a city in the U.S. state of New York, the county seat of Monroe County and the fourth most populous in the state after New York City, Buffalo, and Yonkers with a population of 211,328 in 2020.[1] The city of Rochester forms the core of a larger metropolitan area with a population of 1 million people, in six counties. The city was one of the first boom towns in the United States, initially due to the fertile Genesee River Valley, which gave rise to numerous flour mills, and later as a manufacturing center, which stimulated rapid population growth. [2] Rochester rose to fame as the birthplace and home of some of America's most iconic companies, most notably Eastman Kodak, Xerox, and Bausch & Lomb (along with Wegmans, Gannett, Paychex, Western Union, French's, Constellation Brands, Ragu and others), making the region a world center for science, technology, and research and development. This status has been aided by the presence of several internationally renowned universities (notably the University of Rochester and the Rochester Institute of Technology) and their research programs; these schools, along with many other smaller colleges, have played an increasingly important role in Greater Rochester's economy.[3] Rochester has also played a key role in the history of the United States as a center for certain social movements / Major politicians, especially abolitionism[4] and the women's rights movement.[5] Today, Rochester's economy is defined by technology and education (aided by a highly educated workforce, research institutions, and other strengths born in the past).[6] While the city experienced a significant loss of population as a result of deindustrialization, strong growth in the education and health sectors fueled by elite universities, and the slower decline of pivotal companies like Eastman Kodak and Xerox (as opposed to the rapid decline of heavy industry with steel companies in Buffalo and Pittsburgh) resulted in much less severe contraction than in most Rust Belt metropolitan areas. The Rochester metropolitan area is the third largest regional economy in New York, after the New York City metropolitan area and the Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area.[7] Rochester's gross metropolitan product is $50.6 billion. dollars, above Albany and Syracuse, but below Buffalo.[8] Rochester is also known for its culture, particularly its music culture; Institutions like the Eastman School of Music (considered one of the most prestigious conservatories in the world) and the Rochester International Jazz Festival are the anchor of a vibrant music industry, ranked as one of the top 10 music scenes in the United States in terms of the concentration of musicians and music-related businesses.[9] It is the site of multiple major festivals each year (such as the Lilac Festival, the aforementioned Jazz Festival, the Rochester Fringe Festival, and others that attract hundreds of thousands attendees each) and is home to several world-famous museums such as The Strong National Museum of Play and the George Eastman Museum, the oldest and one of the largest collections of photographs in the world.[10] The Rochester metro ranks highly for livability and quality of life[11] and is often considered one of the best places in America for families[12][13] due to the low cost of life and highly rated public schools. and a low unemployment rate. however