World Breastfeeding Week

Article

August 15, 2022

The World Breastfeeding Week, officially established by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF in 1992, is currently the most widespread social movement in defense of breastfeeding. It is celebrated in more than 120 countries, from August 1 to 7, the anniversary of the Declaration of Innocenti, signed by the WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in August 1990 on the protection, promotion and breastfeeding support. In Europe, since August is a typical holiday period, World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) is celebrated by mutual agreement in the 41st week of the year. The date was chosen on the understanding that in a pregnancy that began on January 1, the most likely week of delivery and therefore of the start of lactation would be week 41, that is, at the beginning of October. By consensus, in Spain, the majority of Breastfeeding Support Groups begin the celebration of World Breastfeeding Week on the first Sunday of October with various joint events, such as the mother's party, a family event that consists of outdoor activities, either related to breastfeeding or for the general public, and the reading of a manifesto whose content reflects the motto chosen by WABA (World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action) for each year's SMLM. WABA is an international network of people and organizations that works in coordination with WHO and UNICEF, and since 1992 it has been in charge of organizing World Breastfeeding Week every year. To do this, it chooses a motto and proposes a series of topics to be discussed and developed at an international level related to breastfeeding and the rights of women and their children. WABA was founded in 1991 to support UNICEF and governments in achieving the goals of the Declaration of Innocenti.[1][2]​

SMLM 1992: Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative

The first world week served to present the start-up in 1991-1992 of the UNICEF project "Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative" translated into Spanish as "Initiative Hospital Amigo del Niño" and that as of 2009 is known in Spain as "Initiativa para the Humanization of Birth and Breastfeeding Assistance".

SMLM 1993: Mother Friendly Workplace Initiatives

On this occasion, the SMLM stressed that the incorporation of women into the paid labor market should not be an obstacle to their right to breastfeed and therefore it is convenient for each country to create laws that protect motherhood and facilitate breastfeeding, at the same time that companies develop family and work reconciliation programs and adapt workplaces to facilitate breastfeeding without under any circumstances incurring in labor discrimination against women for the fact of being mothers or breastfeeding their children.

SMLM 1994: Breastfeeding: Working to implement the WHO Code

This year, the SMLM revolved around the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes and the need to implement it, especially at the legislative level, in each country, with a view to curbing unethical marketing practices in the food industry. childish.

SMLM 1995: Breastfeeding: the Strength of Women

In 1995, the SMLM stressed the fact that every woman is undervalued and loses her rights when: She does not have enough information to be able to make free decisions She does not receive support from her family, from health professionals or from her paid workplace You receive incomplete or misleading information from the baby food industry cultural or media images of breastfeeding are negative and highlighted that successful breastfeeding reaffirms every woman's ability to control her own body, by