Sussex

Article

October 28, 2021

Sussex (/ ˈsʌsɪks /) is a county in southern England, roughly corresponding to the territory of the former Kingdom of Sussex. It limits to the north with the county of Surrey, to the east with the county of Kent, to the west with Hampshire and to the south with the English Channel. The territory that this county occupied is today divided into the counties: West Sussex, East Sussex and the city of Brighton and Hove. The West Sussex and East Sussex divisions were established in 1189 and obtained separate administrations. This situation is recorded in the Sussex Act of 1865. It is important to highlight the historical contribution of Sussex in the Battle of Hastings, where Harold II, King of England, faced William (Duke of Normandy) in 1066. The battle ended with defeat and the death of Harold, thus proclaiming himself William the Conqueror, new Norman king of England.

Etymology

The name "Sussex" derives from the Middle English Suth-sæxe, which in turn derives from the Anglo-Saxon Suth-Seaxe which means (land or town) of the South Saxons (cf. Essex, Middlesex and Wessex). The South Saxons were a Germanic tribe that settled in the North German Plain region during the 5th and 6th centuries.

External links

Wikimedia Commons hosts a multimedia category on Sussex.

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