National University of Cordoba

Article

May 23, 2022

The National University of Córdoba (UNC) is a public university in Argentina. It is based in the city of Córdoba. Founded on June 19, 1613, it is the oldest in the country and one of the first in America. His teaching is free, free and secular. The nickname La Docta that Córdoba has, is due to the fact that for more than two centuries it was the only University in the country. It is considered one of the three most recognized institutions in the country, also recognized internationally.[3][4]​ Financially it depends on the National State, but like any National University, it is autonomous. This autonomy implies that it has the power to manage its budget, elect its authorities and dictate its own regulations in accordance with the national order. Its admission, like that of all Argentine state universities, is free and unrestricted, with the only requirement of passing a leveling course with a grade equal to or greater than 4 (equivalent to 60% of the content evaluated). Its origin dates back to 1610, when the Society of Jesus created the Collegium Maximum (Maximum College), which served as the basis for higher studies to begin in 1613, although without authorization to grant degrees. On August 8, 1621, Pope Gregory XV, through an Apostolic Brief, granted the Colegio Máximo the power to confer degrees, which was ratified by Felipe IV of Spain through the Royal Decree of February 2, 1622. Said document He arrived in Córdoba in the middle of that year. Pedro de Oñate, Provincial of the Society of Jesus, with the agreement of the professors, declared the University inaugurated. Later, Oñate drafted the regulations that had official validity. With the birth of what is colloquially known as Casa de Trejo, the history of higher education in Argentina is born. In 1820, General Juan Bautista Bustos, Governor of the Province of Córdoba, placed the University in the provincial orbit and it was finally nationalized by a decree of the National Executive Power of May 29, 1854, ratified by Law No. 88 of the September 9, 1856.[5] According to research by historian Lewis Pyanson, around 1850, the level of training in physics and mathematics at UNC was the same as that of North American universities.[6] In 1918, it was the scene of the University Reform, a movement that would later spread to the entire continent. The UNC, since its creation, has undergone profound changes in all aspects. Of the 250,000 degrees awarded until 2010, 2,278 were delivered between 1613 and 1810, growing slowly until the middle of the 20th century when it increased exponentially, reaching around 7,000 students per year. During his first two centuries of life, he offered three high studies: Philosophy, Theology and later Law. After the Argentine civil wars, and institutionally organized Argentina, Medicine and several hard Sciences were added. Until 1884 there were no discharges of women. As of that year, their participation gained weight until today they are half of all the teachers and the vast majority among the students. The National University of Córdoba has a student population of more than 110,000 students distributed in 15 faculties that offer more than 250 undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral degrees. The academic offer also includes 100 research and service centers, 25 libraries and 16 museums.

History

Historical Review

Since their arrival, the Jesuits erected Córdoba as the center of the Jesuit Province of Paraguay, in the Viceroyalty of Peru. For this they needed a place to settle and thus start higher education. It was so in 1599, and after expressing this need to the council, they were given the lands that are now known as the Jesuit Block.[7] In 1608, they built the first church