Víktor Briujánov

Article

October 28, 2021

Viktor Petrovich Bryukhanov (in Russian, Виктор Петрович Брюханов; Tashkent, December 1, 1935-Kiev, October 13, 2021) [1] was a Russian-Ukrainian architect known for having been the director of the construction of the nuclear power plant of Chernobyl and one of the main culprits of its historical accident. [2]

Biography

He was born on December 1, 1935 in the city of Tashkent, Uzbekistan (formerly USSR). The eldest of four children, his father used to work as a glazier and his mother was a cleaning lady. [3] He later became the only one of his siblings to receive a higher education obtaining a degree from the US Department of Energy. Tashkent Polytechnic in electrical engineering in 1959. After graduation, he was offered a job at the Uzbek Academy of Sciences. He worked at Angren Thermal Power Plant in the following positions: service deaerator installer, feed pump driver, assistant turbine driver, turbine driver, senior turbine shop engineer, shift supervisor and became shop manager one year later. In 1966, he was invited to work at the Slavyanskaya Thermal Power Plant. He started as a senior foreman and rose to the rank of shop manager and finally deputy chief engineer, finally resigned in 1970 to build a nuclear power plant in Ukraine. [3] He was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since 1966. Among In 1970 and 1986, he was repeatedly elected to the municipal party committees of Kiev, Chernobyl, and Prypiat. [2] Viktor met his wife Valentina at the Angren Power Plant. Valentina was an assistant to a turbine engineer and Viktor was an apprentice fresh out of college. [3] [2]

Construction of the Chernobyl Power Plant

In 1970, the Minister of Energy offered Bryukhanov a new mission: to build an atomic power plant consisting of four RBMK reactors on the banks of the Prypiat River in Ukraine. Initially, Bryukhanov proposed the construction of pressurized water reactors (PWA), but this decision was met with opposition indicating economic and safety reasons that supported the construction of RBMK reactors, which was eventually carried out. [4] A At a cost of nearly 400 million rubles, Bryukhanov was responsible for building the reactors from scratch. Since there was nothing nearby, he would need to bring materials and equipment to the construction site. He organized a temporary village, known as "Lesnoy", and had a school built. In 1970, he was joined in Lesnoy by his wife, his six-year-old daughter, and his young son. In 1972, they had moved to the new town of Prypiat. During construction, deadlines were missed due to tight schedules, lack of construction equipment, and faulty materials. Three years after assuming the position of director, the plant had not yet been built. He offered to resign, but his resignation was broken by his Party-appointed supervisor of the Ministry of Energy in July 1972. On August 1, 1977, two years later than planned and more than seven years after planning began and construction of the plant, the first reactor of the Chernobyl power plant came into operation. At 8:10 pm on September 27 of the same year, Ukraine's first nuclear electricity passed through 110 and 330 Kilovolt lines and reached the Soviet power grid. Bryukhanov ignored and did not acknowledge the radioactive leak that occurred on September 9, 1982 when steam rose through a vent shaft shared by reactors 1 and 2, indicating at least one broken pipe. The radioactive contaminants had spread fourteen kilometers from the plant and reached Prypiat. Bryukhanov also postponed a test of s

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