Nancy Pelosi's visit to the Republic of China

Article

August 15, 2022

US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi visited Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China (ROC), on August 2, 2022, as part of an Asia tour with brief stops in Singapore, Malaysia , South Korea, and Japan.[1] The White House did not officially endorse the visit.[2][3][4] Shortly after her arrival, Pelosi said her visit was a sign of the "unwavering commitment of the United States to support Taiwan's vibrant democracy."[1] Pelosi was greeted by locals wearing the colors of the Ukrainian flag, yellow and blue.[5] He visited the Legislative Yuan and met with ROC President Tsai Ing-wen the following day.[6] According to a poll cited by the British newspaper The Guardian, two-thirds of Taiwanese consider her visit "unwelcome [because] it could destabilize the Taiwan Strait."[7]

Background

As of the morning of August 2, it was not certain whether Pelosi would visit Taiwan.[8][9][10] White House Homeland Security Representative John Kirby commented on the night of August 1 August (EDT) that China could respond with a missile attack near Taiwan or take any other military action to show its disapproval of a visit by a US politician.[11] At the same time, Kirby said the US he did not fear threats from the People's Republic of China and that he would not sit idly by in case of aggression.[11] In an op-ed for The Washington Post, Pelosi wrote on August 2: "We make this trip at a time when the world is faced with a choice between autocracy and democracy. As Russia wages its premeditated and illegal war against Ukraine, killing thousands of innocents...including children: it is essential that the United States and our allies make it clear that we will never give in to autocrats."[12] The Taiwanese military held its largest annual military exercises in the days before Nancy Pelosi's visit, which included drills to intercept Chinese attacks from the sea. Meanwhile, the US aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan and her flotilla departed Singapore for the South China Sea, while other US troops conduct exercises in Indonesia. In response, China conducted a military exercise in the Taiwan Strait.[13]

Visit

Pelosi arrived in Taipei, Taiwan, at 10:43 p.m. on August 2 on a military plane and was received by Foreign Minister Joseph Wu. Upon his arrival, both the ruling Democratic Progressive Party and the opposition Kuomintang backed the visit.[14] He met with President Tsai Ing-wen on August 3 and was awarded a medal of honour, the Order of the First Auspicious Cloud. Class (with Grand Special Cordon), at the Presidential Office Building.[15] Pelosi addressed the Legislative Yuan.[16] In a press release issued during the trip, Pelosi stated that the visit "in no way contradicts the long-standing policy of the United States, guided by the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979, the Joint Communiqués of the United States and China and the Six Guarantees. The United States continues to oppose efforts to change the status quo."[17] White House Strategic Communications Coordinator at the National Security Council, John Kirby, reiterated this perspective at a press conference held during the visit, saying: "The president's visit is fully consistent with our long-standing one China policy. We have made it very clear that nothing has changed in our one China policy, which is guided, of course, by the Taiwan Relations Act, the US-PRC Three Joint Communiqués, and the Six Assurances.” [18] Delegation of