November 29, 2021

Germany (French: Allemagne) (German: Deutschland) The official name of the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland), the international name on the map "Germany" is a country in continental Europe with the capital Berlin. Germany is bordered on the north by the North Sea, Denmark and the Baltic Sea, on the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, on the south by Austria and Switzerland, and on the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. It covers an area of ​​357,386 square kilometers and has a population of 83.7 million. The first human community in present-day Germany dates back to about 130,000 to 230,000 years ago and Neanderthals. The Romans were the first group of civilized people to settle in Germany. Until 800 AD, Germany did not have a strong government and was invaded by its neighbors. This year Charlemagne was able to unite the countries of Rome, but this alliance was short-lived. Three kingdoms were formed from the territories under his rule, one of which led to present-day Germany. The first German-speaking king in the land was King Ludwig of Germany. Other countries since then, the people of this land knew German. After this period the government reached the Holy Roman Empire, a period that spanned most of the Middle Ages, with the rise of the Catholic Church. The rise of the Protestant Church and Martin Luther can be considered one of the most important events of that time. Then in the early 19th century the Prussian Empire was formed from the unification of the German territories in the Congress of Vienna. With the end of World War I, the emperor was forced to resign, the period leading up to the rise of fascism is called the Weimar Republic. As the economic situation in Germany deteriorated after World War I and racism spread, the Nazi Party came to power. It ruled the country until the end of World War II and the defeat of Germany. After World War II, Germany was divided into East and West, until West Germany and East Germany were united in 1990 to form the Federal Republic of Germany. Germany has the political system of a parliamentary federal republic with 16 states. , Who can act independently in some matters. Germany is now one of the most industrialized countries in the world, and instead of the richest member of the European Union, it is the economic engine of the euro area. The major German cities are Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Frankfurt. Germany played a prominent role in the First and Second World Wars, and suffered great damage as a result of these two wars. After the end of the war, he was able to rebuild the country with the loans he received from the allied countries. Federal Republic �

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