Iraqi Armed Forces


November 29, 2021

The Iraqi Armed Forces or the Iraqi Army (Arabic: القوات المسلحة العراقیة) consists of three units: the Army, the Air Force and the Navy. The Iraqi army was established in the 1920s during British rule in Iraq and has since been involved in international and civil wars and coups. Between 1936 and 1941, there were six military coups by the army. They fought in the Anglo-Iraqi War in 1941. They fought Israel three times with their Arab allies in 1948 (the first Arab-Israeli war), the 1967 Six-Day War, and the 1973 Yom Kippur War. They fought twice with the separatist Kurds in northern Iraq from 1961 to 1970 and from 1974-75. Between 1980 and 1988, they fought in the Iran-Iraq War, the longest war of the twentieth century. After that, they went to war with Kuwait. The occupation led to the US-led International Coalition invading Iraq, which destroyed much of the Iraqi army. In 2003, the United States again fought another coalition with the Iraqi army. The Iraqi army was disbanded after the occupation in 2003 and re-formed with US assistance. There is no conscription in Iraq. The age of volunteering for the army is between 18 and 40, and men and women can join the army. The country's military budget in 2012 was equivalent to 2.88% of GDP, ranking 23rd in the world in this regard.


Iraq Military Strength Global Firepower

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