November 29, 2021
Scotland (English: Scotland, Scottish Gaelic: Alba) is a country in northwestern Europe that covers one-third of the northern part of Great Britain. Scotland is the second largest country in the UK, smaller than the United Kingdom, but larger in size and population than Wales and Northern Ireland combined. The Independent Kingdom of Scotland decided in 1707 to form a "United Kingdom" with England through a political treaty between the Scottish and British parliaments. In this alliance, Scotland today, together with England, Wales and Northern Ireland, forms the sovereignty of Great Britain or the "United Kingdom". In addition to the mainland, Scotland also has 790 islands, including the Northern Islands and the Hebrides. Of these, 93 islands, with 2% of the country's population, are inhabited. The capital of Scotland is the historic city of Edinburgh or Edinburgh. There are significant reserves of crude oil in Scottish waters off the North Sea. Scotland and England were independent monarchies until 1707, but on May 1, 1707, the two countries formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain in a treaty. The current flag of Great Britain is a combination of the flag of Scotland (blue background, white cross) and the flag of England (white background, red cross).