بانبشن

Article

November 29, 2021

BبNBIŠN (Middle Persian: BĀNBIŠN) was a title in Middle Persian meaning "queen" used by Sassanid Persian royal women, including the king's daughters and sisters, as well as the wives of princes who ruled parts of the country. This word was placed in front of the king and the higher rank of the banban was called "queen of queens". It seems that the Parthians also used this title. Readings of this title have been found in Manichaean writings in the form of ʾškʾn bʾnbyšn or Parthian queen and [šhr] dʾr bʾnbyšn Xwdws meaning the royal queen of Khodus. In Sogdian, this title is also used as a pʾmpwšt for the queen of the metropolis.

Etymology

The value of this word is MLKTA. Its Manichaean spelling was bšnbyšn. Although Banbshun is not found in any source in ancient Persian, it is probably in the language of Mane-Pashti with the Avestan word Damano. Pathani ("lady") is consistent and comes from the ancient Persian word Demaneh-Pathani. The original form of the word in Sogdian Wamban means "lady". B. The beginning of Banbash is related to the Pahlavi Banuk (meaning "Lady"), which is originally a word from Ba-no-ka (-na-beh) in Elamite that has already entered ancient Persian. The word was then probably introduced into Armenian in the form of a bomb. The Sogdian version of the word is also Bambusht, from where it has found its way into the Uyghur and Chinese languages.

Background

In Sassanid inscriptions, Banbash is equal to the Shah's feminine. This word is first attributed to Dink in 262/3 AD in the inscription of Shapur I on the Kaaba of Zoroaster. Azaranahid, the daughter of Shapur I, also has the title of Banbshanan Banban ("Queen of Queens") with her millennium MLKTAn MLKTA, which is equivalent to the word emperor ("King of Kings"). In addition to these banbanians, banbanes are also mentioned on the coins of Bahram II and Mehr Dink. Other titles related to Banbshn Banbshn City ("Queen of the Country") used by Shapur's wife Khourim Goodarz; Banban dog ("Queen of Segistan (Sistan)") used by Shapurdakhtak, Narsa's wife; And Mishan Banbashn ("Queen of Mishan"), who was used by another Dink who was the wife of Shapur Mishanshah. Victor I (government from 459 to 484), as viceroy, temporarily ruled the country from Ctesiphon, indicating that royal women could occupy a politically appropriate position in the administration of the country. Marriages were not limited to Iranian women; بهرا�

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