Myanmar

Article

November 29, 2021

Myanmar or Burma Official name: The Republic of Myanmar is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh to the west, India to the northwest, China to the northeast, northeast and east, Laos to the east, Thailand to the southeast, the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to the south and southwest. The country's largest city is Yangon, but its capital is Naypyidaw. With a population of more than 3.54 million, Myanmar is the official language of Burma and its currency is Kiat. Sixty-eight percent of Myanmar people are Burmese, 9 percent are Karen, 7 percent are Rakhine, 4 percent are Rakhine and the rest are ethnic. 87.9% of Myanmar people are Buddhists, 6.2% are Christians, 4.3% are Muslims and the rest are followers of other religions and beliefs. Myanmar is the 39th largest country in the world by area and the 26th most populous country in the world in terms of population. Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, was a British colony that gained independence in 1948. Since independence, the country has witnessed long-running clashes between its many ethnic groups and one of the longest-running civil wars. Myanmar was ruled by a military regime from 1962 to 2011, but after the 2012 elections, the military regime officially ended in 2011 and was replaced by a paramilitary government that has embarked on a series of democratic reforms. In the 2015 elections, Aung San Suu Kyi's party won a majority in both houses. However, the Burmese army remained a powerful force in politics and regained power on February 1, 2021 in a coup. Myanmar is a resource-rich country, but its economy is one of the least developed in the world. Southern Myanmar was devastated by a severe storm in 2008. Half of Myanmar's population has been affected by Hurricane Narges this year, with at least 78,000 people killed and 56,000 missing.

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The first people to leave traces of their civilization in Burma were the Pew and Moon, who lived in northern Burma. After that, their relatives, Karun and Kachin, had infiltrated the southern regions of Burma from the southern lands. At the end of the eighth century AD, due to the domination of their relatives and Karen in the south and center of Burma, the Pew people were driven to the north. The reason for the retreat was the expansion of Thai rule, which held power in the north and northeast of Burma. Their people until the 13th century AD; In parts of Burma, they held power and government, but in HH

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