The Taj Mahal


November 29, 2021

Taj Mahal (Hindi: महल महल) is one of the most famous buildings in the world and a beautiful and magnificent tomb located near the city of Agra, 200 km south of Delhi, the capital of India, and is one of the Seven New Wonders of the World. According to the book The Persian Role on Indian Stones, this monument was built by order of Shah Jahan, the fifth Gurkhani king of India, to commemorate his Iranian wife, Arjmand Banu, who died in 1015 A.D. or 1040 A.D. during a war trip during childbirth. Shah Jahan himself was later buried there. The architecture of this building is a combination of Iranian and Gurkhani architecture, and 20,000 artists led by Iranian architect Ahmad Lahori and his brother Hamid Lahori participated in its construction. Shirazi and Amanat Khan Shirazi Tughranovis is mentioned, as if the calligraphy of the inscriptions on the doors and walls of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to Amanat Khan. It cost 32 million rupees to build this building. This amount today is equivalent to 52.8 billion Indian rupees and 827 million US dollars. The Taj Mahal was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983 as "the jewel of Islamic art in India and one of the most acclaimed masterpieces of world heritage". Motivation In 1631, Shah Jahan ordered the construction of the Taj Mahal. The building was to be erected in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, a Persian-speaking Persian prince who died on June 17 of that year while giving birth to their fourteenth child, Goharrara Begum. The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and the construction of the tomb was completed in 1643; However, the surrounding buildings and the Taj Mahal Garden were completed five years later. The documents of the royal court show that the mourning of Shah Jahan after the death of Mumtaz Mahal is a kind of love story and the motive for building the Taj Mahal.

Architecture and Design

Taj Mahal is based on the design principles of early Gurkhani architecture and Iranian architecture. The motivation for this work was rooted in the success of Timurid and Gurkhani dynasty buildings, including Amir Tomb (Timur Tomb in Samarkand), Homayoun Tomb, Etemad al-Dawla Tomb, and the Delhi Grand Mosque in Delhi. Despite the fact that most of the Gurkhani buildings were built on red sandstone, Shah Jahan requested the use of white marble decorated with gemstone. The buildings under his protection reached new levels of civilization.


The tomb is the center of the Taj Mahal complex. This episode, one hour

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